|al-haqq or haqeeqa |
Comparing and contrasting HAQQ, HAQEEQ, and HAQEEQA
HAQQ combines the meanings of "truth" and "right." The opposite of HAQQ in both of these senses is BATIL. Examples:
- AL-HAQQ is a divine attribute. When Muslims quote from Al-Qur'an, they often say, "AL-HAQQ said," which is equivalent to saying "God said." The sense of eternal, incontrovertible truth is meant here. Likewise, The Arabic translation of the Gospel quotes Jesus as saying, "ANA HUWA AL-TAREEQ WAL-HAQQ WAL-HAYA," meaning "I am the Way, the Ttruth, and the Life." AL-Hallaj is also quoted as saying ANA AL-HAQQ ("I am the Truth") as he was being crucified.
Truth in this sense is more than plain veracity of a statement. Truth here means "the ultimate reality." If the intended meaning is restricted to the veracity of a statment, then the Arabic equivalent is SIDQ.
- HAQQ also carries the sense of "right," "righteousness," and "being right." For example, "rights of man" or "human rights" are referred to as HUQOOQ AL-INSAN. An action taken unrightfully is described as being taken DOONA WAJHI HAQQ. And when you want to tell someone, "You are right," you say, ANTA ALA HAQQ.
HAQQ in this sense is related to the sense of "justice" in the absolute sense. The word for justice in the legal sense is `ADL (In modern times, following the Turkish style, the Word ADALA has become popular).
The adjectival form of HAQQ is also HAQQ. For example, we say, AL-WA`D AL-HAQQ, meaning "the true promise." Another adjectival form is HAQEEQ, which is not very commonly used, except in the colloquial Egyptian expression HAQQ WA HAQEEQ, which is an instance of redundancy for the sake of emphasis.
The feminine form of HAQEEQ is HAQEEQA, a word that acquired the sense of "a single instance of truth," or simply "a fact." In Arabic, many words take the masculine form as the name of the species and the feminine form for a singular countable instance of the species. For instance, SHA`R is "hair," while SHA`RA is "a single hair." Likewise, NAKHL is the species of palm trees, while NAKHLA is a single palm tree.
Through careless usage, HAQEEQA expanded its meaning from "a fact" to "factualness" or "truth." It is certainly used in that sense, but it has reached that meaning in a roundabout way. The original term is HAQQ.
Native speaker of: Arabic, English
PRO pts in category: 16