poor growth and predation provide strong selection against

Chinese translation: 较弱的生长和捕食能力/强大的淘汰(自然选择)力

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
English term or phrase:poor growth and predation / strong selection
Chinese translation:较弱的生长和捕食能力/强大的淘汰(自然选择)力
Entered by: Adsion Liu

14:42 Dec 28, 2008
English to Chinese translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering - Fisheries
English term or phrase: poor growth and predation provide strong selection against
Given the need for the millions of sockeye salmon fry to find food, and their morphological and behavioral adaptations for life in the lake, poor growth and predation provide strong selection against fry failing to find the lake.
Mark Chen
Local time: 17:46
较差的生长和捕食能力对不能及时找到湖泊/水塘的鱼苗形成了强大的淘汰(自然选择)力
Explanation:
此句的翻译需要有生物进化方面的基本知识。最重要的一词:
selection=自然选择,淘汰
provide 在此不能译为“提供”之类的表达,而是形成、造成之类的意思
growth and predation=生长和捕食能力
fry =鱼苗,在此指群体,否则为fries

总而言之,此句不易译准。需要些专业知识和翻译技巧。以下供参考。

selection [si'lekʃәn]
n. 選擇, 選文, 精選品
[醫] 選擇, 淘汰
[經] 選擇, 精選品

selection 1
[siˈlekʃən]
选择作用; 指定终端站; 拨号 selection 2
淘汰 (生物)

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 17 minutos (2008-12-28 14:59:23 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

淘汰(自然选择)力,也可说淘汰(自然选择)作用......

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 2 horas (2008-12-28 16:43:49 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

较差,也可用“较弱”,这样感觉更准确
Selected response from:

Adsion Liu
Canada
Local time: 04:46
Grading comment
3 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
5 +5较差的生长和捕食能力对不能及时找到湖泊/水塘的鱼苗形成了强大的淘汰(自然选择)力
Adsion Liu


Discussion entries: 1





  

Answers


16 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +5
poor growth and predation provide strong selection against fry failing to find the lake
较差的生长和捕食能力对不能及时找到湖泊/水塘的鱼苗形成了强大的淘汰(自然选择)力


Explanation:
此句的翻译需要有生物进化方面的基本知识。最重要的一词:
selection=自然选择,淘汰
provide 在此不能译为“提供”之类的表达,而是形成、造成之类的意思
growth and predation=生长和捕食能力
fry =鱼苗,在此指群体,否则为fries

总而言之,此句不易译准。需要些专业知识和翻译技巧。以下供参考。

selection [si'lekʃәn]
n. 選擇, 選文, 精選品
[醫] 選擇, 淘汰
[經] 選擇, 精選品

selection 1
[siˈlekʃən]
选择作用; 指定终端站; 拨号 selection 2
淘汰 (生物)

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 17 minutos (2008-12-28 14:59:23 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

淘汰(自然选择)力,也可说淘汰(自然选择)作用......

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 2 horas (2008-12-28 16:43:49 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

较差,也可用“较弱”,这样感觉更准确

Adsion Liu
Canada
Local time: 04:46
Native speaker of: Native in ChineseChinese
PRO pts in category: 9

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Carinahsu
1 hr
  -> 谢谢 Carina Hsu!

agree  Li Cao
8 hrs
  -> 谢谢!

agree  Henry Zhang
9 hrs
  -> 谢谢!

agree  Bill
15 hrs
  -> 谢谢!

agree  William He
1 day 12 hrs
  -> thank you, William!
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