fallout

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23:54 Nov 4, 2008
English to Chinese translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering - Nuclear Eng/Sci
Additional field(s): Military / Defense
English term or phrase: fallout
Definition from European Nuclear Society:
Radioactive material which falls back to the earth after the release into the atmosphere (e.g. by nuclear weapon tests, accidents). The fallout occurs in two forms: the close fallout consists of heavy particles which fall to the ground within some days near the place of release and in an area which, depending on the weather conditions, may reach up to several hundred kilometres in the wind direction. The world-wide fallout consists of lighter particles reaching higher atmospheric layers and distributed over a wide part of the earth because of atmospheric currents.

Example sentence(s):
  • Fallout creates large areas of contamination and the ionizing radiation coming off the fallout, which can damage tissues and penetrate through thin walls and glass US Department of Health & Human Services
  • The chemical properties of the different elements in the fallout will control the rate at which they are deposited on the ground. The less volatile elements will deposit first. Wikipedia
  • Weather conditions can affect fallout immensely. Particularly rainfall can "rain out" fallout to create very intense localized concentrations. University of Michigan
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Summary of translations provided
5 +1下降,降落,落下,散落(物),放射性坠尘(沉降,回降,尘埃),微粒回降(散落),回(沉)降物
Dr JM Chen, PhD


Discussion entries: 1





  

Translations offered


355 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +1
下降,降落,落下,散落(物),放射性坠尘(沉降,回降,尘埃),微粒回降(散落),回(沉)降物


Definition from 新英汉科学技术词典 & w3dictiona:
新英汉科学技术词典:
下降,降落,落下,散落(物),放射性坠尘(沉降,回降,尘埃),微粒回降(散落),回(沉)降物


1 (核子爆炸后) 原子尘的下降
2 放射性下降物,辐射尘
n. 原子尘的降下, 辐射性微尘, 原子尘, 附带结果
[放射尘]回降
放射性微尘
放射坠尘
沉降
沉降灰
沉降物
原子尘的降下,辐射性微尘,原子尘,附带结果

Example sentence(s):
  • A dirty bomb releases enormous amounts of long-lived radioactive fallout. 脏弹会释放出无数长寿命的放射性尘埃。 - www.nciku.cn  
  • 查询到下列短语: fallout area 放射性沉降区; fallout detector 放射性散落物检测器; atomic fallout 【核】原子爆炸沉降物; delayed fallout 延缓沉降; (放射性物)平流层沉降; 【植】延缓脱落; dry fallout 干散落物; early fallout 早期落下; 早期脱落; 早期(放射性)沉降物; global fallout 全球性散落; fallout measurement (放射性)散落物计量; fallout meter 辐射量测试器; fallout pattern 散落型; fission product fallout 裂变产物散落; fallout of pesticide 农药散落; fallout of radioactive material 放射性散落物; ground fallout plot 【核】地面沉降图; - 金桥翻译  
  • 原子或熱核子爆炸時,散播於大氣中並漸次降落至地面之放射性物質。 落塵通常分為三類:(a) 本地或近距落塵(Local or Close-in fallout), 在爆炸地點之鄰近 (多在下風處) 發生於數小時之內。其所含主要質點直徑大於25微米,大多數地面物質因附著而沾染放射性。本地落塵所含分裂物約佔總量百分之二十至八十 (視爆炸之位置及類型而異) 。(b) 中距或對流層落塵(Intermediate or Tropospheric fallout), 在大氣中停留數週至數月之久,主要隨降水降落,亦有受重力作用下降者,對植物構成侵害。此種落塵在全部分裂物中所佔百分數甚低。(c) 延遲性或平流層落塵(Delayed or Stratosphericfallout) , 由高空爆炸將原子雲沖入平流層所致。其在高空停留之時間自不足一年乃至十年之久,視爆炸之緯度與高度而異。其質點直徑均遠在一微米之下。 - 氣象科技研究  
Dr JM Chen, PhD
United Kingdom
Local time: 03:01
Native speaker of: Native in ChineseChinese, Native in EnglishEnglish

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Yes  rolfo
58 days
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