host cell

Dutch translation: gastheercel

For term searches and specialty glossaries, please try the new GBK glossaries
00:57 Apr 30, 2020
English to Dutch translations [PRO]
COVID-19 - Science - Medical (general)
Additional field(s): Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-), Medical (general), Science (general), Journalism
English term or phrase: host cell
Definition from Merriam-Webster:
A living cell invaded by or capable of being invaded by an infectious agent (such as a bacterium or a virus).

Example sentence(s):
  • Membrane fusion, they explained, is a multi-step process that begins with the virus recognising that it's found the right type of cell to infect. To do this, the virus receives feedback from the chemical environment, including cues like the receptor that the host cell presents, the study noted. The virus then attaches to the host cell receptor by way of the spike protein on its surface, it said. India Times
  • Other host pathways determined to be highly important in SARS and MERS-CoV replication include vesicle trafficking within the endoplasmic reticulum of host cells. It has been determined that the replicase-transcriptase machinery of the coronavirus assembles at the host endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and viral structural proteins assemble within the host ER, making it an essential cellular component and potential drug target to block both viral genome replication and capsid assembly in the formation of new virus particles during infection. Drug Target Review
  • And although the mechanism by which ivermectin works against the virus is not known, Wagstaff suggested it is likely that, based on its action in other viruses, the drug acts to stop the virus dampening down the host cells’ ability to clear it. GenEng News
Glossary-building KudoZ




Question posted on behalf of translation team:
GBK medical and pharma specialists


This question is closed

Dutch translation:gastheercel
Definition:
Cel van een organisme waaraan een virus zich kan hechten, om er vervolgens in binnen te dringen of zijn erfelijk materiaal erin te brengen. Daarna wordt deze cel gedwongen virusdeeltjes te vermeerderen.
Selected response from:

Edith van der Have
Netherlands
Grading comment
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of translations provided
5 +2gastheercel
Edith van der Have


  

Translations offered


8 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +2
gastheercel


Definition from own experience or research:
Cel van een organisme waaraan een virus zich kan hechten, om er vervolgens in binnen te dringen of zijn erfelijk materiaal erin te brengen. Daarna wordt deze cel gedwongen virusdeeltjes te vermeerderen.

Example sentence(s):
  • Virussen kunnen zich niet zelf vermenigvuldigen, daar hebben ze de machinerie van hun gastheercel voor nodig. - KNAW  
  • Een virus koppelt zich aan een cel van de gastheer en injecteert vervolgens het eigen erfelijk materiaal in die cel. Andere type virussen versmelten geheel met de gastheercel. - Wikipedia  
  • Gastheercellen maken gebruik van allerlei mechanismen om zich te wapenen tegen een virus infectie. Virussen hebben daar vaak weer een antwoord op. - Nemo Kennislink  

Explanation:
Bij plantenvirussen ook waardplantcel genoemd.
Edith van der Have
Netherlands
Local time: 12:53
Native speaker of: Native in DutchDutch
PRO pts in category: 68

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  Erik van Vliet
38 mins
  -> Dank je, Erik!

Yes  Barend van Zadelhoff
1 hr
  -> Dank je, Barend!
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)



Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs (or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.

KudoZ™ translation help

The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.


See also:

Your current localization setting

English

Select a language

Term search
  • All of ProZ.com
  • Term search
  • Jobs
  • Forums
  • Multiple search