mantle plume

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17:55 May 24, 2010
English to Finnish translations [PRO]
Science - Geology
Additional field(s): Environment & Ecology, Geography
English term or phrase: mantle plume
Definition from Digital Atlas of Idaho:
A buoyant mass of hot mantle material that rises to the base of the lithosphere. Mantle plumes commonly produce volcanic activity and structural deformation in the central part of lithospheric plates.

Example sentence(s):
  • Scientists believe mantle plumes can last hundreds of millions of years, and that their heat can create phenomena such as Yellowstone National Park or the string of Hawaiian Islands. Science Centric
  • Above a certain depth, the head of the plume begins to melt and spread out under the crust, until it finds a crack and pours through. The theory of mantle plumes predicts an initial flood of lava lasting tens of millions of years, which means that each hot spot should have an associated flood basalt. University of California
  • The first few million years of a newly arrived mantle plume seem to be the most fertile in terms of magma production and flood basalts are therefore formed in a very short period of geological time. The Geological Society
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Summary of translations provided
4vaipan pluumi
Asta Haarasilta


  

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14 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
vaipan pluumi


Definition from Suomen geologinen seura:
Vaipan hyvin suuri ja ylösalaisin olevan pisaran muotoinen kivimassa, joka on ympäristöään kevyempi ja kuumempi.

Example sentence(s):
  • Monet geodynaamiset ilmiot muuttavat Islannissa seka pisteiden koordinaatteja etta niiden painovoimaa: Keski-Atlantin selanteen leviaminen, maan vaipan pluumi Islannin alla, vulkanismi, ja suurten jaatikoiden sulaminen. - Geodeettinen laitos  
  • Tämä viittaa siihen, että juonen kantamagma syntyi syvällä vaipan kuumassa pisteessä eli vaipan pluumissa. - Helsingin yliopisto, Geologian laitos  
  • Tällainen kohoaminen voi olla vaipan pluumin aiheuttamaa, ei kuitenkaan aina. - Helsingin kaupunki  
Asta Haarasilta
Local time: 19:54
Native speaker of: Native in FinnishFinnish
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