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Weapon States

20:34 Apr 4, 2013
English to French translations [PRO]
International Org/Dev/Coop
English term or phrase: Weapon States
Extract :

The basic format of the Rule of Engagement for a specific UN Peace Keeping operation is structured as follows:
• Main Body – This explains the requirement for ROE, the ROE planning process, and instructions for implementing changes in the ROE. Most importantly, it outlines the mandate that specifies the numbered ROE, which should apply to the relevant UNPKO;
• List of Numbered ROE – This list contains the rules of engagement applicable to the specific UNPKO pursuant to its mandate, as outlined in the Security Council resolution(s), as drawn from the United Nations Master List of Numbered ROE. (See Annex B at the end of this lesson.);
• Definitions – To ensure the cohesion of command and control during the use of ROE, a specific set of definitions is provided;
• Supporting Directions and Procedures – This section provides the directions and procedures to be followed by United Nations armed military personnel when undertaking certain duties; and
• ***Weapon States*** – This final part identifies various ***weapon states*** that may be authorized by the FC without recourse to United Nations Headquarters.


Merci :)
Nathalie Coutelle
Spain
Local time: 22:04


Summary of answers provided
4"état" (niveau, ou degré, de préparation au tir) des armes
Daryo
3 +1usage de la force
Hervé Michaud
4conditions d'utilisation des armes
FX Fraipont
Summary of reference entries provided
Graduated Weapon States / Weapon Readiness Status
Daryo

Discussion entries: 2





  

Answers


11 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
weapon states
conditions d'utilisation des armes


Explanation:
dans les règles d'engagement

"1.1
1.2
Side arms may be carried by all personnel serving in formed
UNMIB military units, but ammunition is to be carried separately
from the weapon.
Side arms may be carried and have a loaded magazine inserted in
or attached to the weapon. However, no ammunition may be
inserted into a breach or chamber.

1.3
Side arms may have a loaded magazine inserted in or attached to
the weapon and around of ammunition inserted into the breach or
chamber.
http://www.forsvarsmakten.se/.../RAP_04_D-29_ROE_incl_Annex_...

FX Fraipont
Belgium
Local time: 22:04
Native speaker of: Native in FrenchFrench
PRO pts in category: 251

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
neutral  Daryo: au sens large oui, si "utiliser" une arme inclut s'en servir comme moyen de dissuasion, mais je crois que ici "utiliser" une arme veut dire "tirer".
2 days 6 hrs
  -> il est clair d'après les sources que j'ai trouvée que ce n'est pas le cas : "weapon states" = which weapons can be carried, and under what conditions (with/without ammo, etc.)
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8 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5 peer agreement (net): +1
weapon states
usage de la force


Explanation:
ou bien recours à la force.
Le FC (Force Commander) peut autoriser les conditions dans lesquelles l’usage de la force peut être employé. La légitime défense en était auparavant la seule raison autorisée dans le cadre des grands principes d’intervention des Nations Unies, mais la protection des populations civiles, et désormais la défense du mandat peuvent aussi justifier cette intervention.
je propose donc de traduire weapons par force au sens de force armée, comme expliqué dans l’exemple plus bas.

Example sentence(s):
  • Par extension, la façon dont l’ONU traite du recours à la force définit, par bien des aspects, la nature même de cette Organisation5. Nous entendrons ici par « force » la force armée, c’est-à-dire l’utilisation
  • http://www.operationspaix.net/DATA/DOCUMENTTEXTE/5131.pdf

    Reference: http://www.un.org/apps/newsFr/storyF.asp?NewsID=24059
    Reference: http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/sites/coe/referencedocumen...
Hervé Michaud
New Zealand
Local time: 08:04
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in FrenchFrench

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  GILOU
13 mins
  -> merci Gilou

disagree  Daryo: that's the translation for "use of force" or at a stretch for "rules of engagement" - related to but not the same as "weapon states"
21 hrs

agree  Sasa Kalcik
321 days
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2 days 6 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
weapon states
"état" (niveau, ou degré, de préparation au tir) des armes


Explanation:
"weapon states" are different levels of "readiness to fire" - to take the example of small arms, it seems pretty obvious that it takes less time to be ready to fire when the round is the chamber and the safety is off than when the arm is empty and the ammunition is under lock (and few variants in-between)

This example is about handguns, but the same principles apply to other weapons (see http://www.forsvarsmakten.se/upload/Forband/Centra/Forsvaret...

"Dans quel "état" (niveau, ou degré, de préparation au tir) peut se trouver un pistolet ? Il y a quatre cas de figures possibles (les "conditions", pour les tireurs ..."
[http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=S7xKbon5FlUC&pg=PA64&lpg=...]

Daryo
United Kingdom
Local time: 21:04
Native speaker of: Native in SerbianSerbian, Native in FrenchFrench
PRO pts in category: 20

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
disagree  Sasa Kalcik: mistranslation
319 days

agree  Jacques Roland: C'est Daryo qui a raison.
661 days
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Reference comments


1 day 7 hrs
Reference: Graduated Weapon States / Weapon Readiness Status

Reference information:
"...
Annex D
RULES OF ENGAGEMENT FOR UNMIB-WEAPON STATES
1. General The weapon states provided below may be authorized by the Force Commander as he believes operationally appropriate provided the state selected does not exceed the authority given by Security Council resolution 12345 of D-62 and all other relevant subsequent resolutions and as defined in the Numbered ROE for UNMIB.
2. In urgent circumstances, a commander or individual soldier may increase weapon readiness. As soon as immediate danger has passed, weapon readiness status will be returned to that ordered by higher authority.
3. Graduated Weapon States

State 1-Side Arms
1.1 Side arms may be carried by all personnel serving in formed UNMIB military units, but ammunition is to be carried separately from the weapon.
1.2 Side arms may be carried and have a loaded magazine inserted in or attached to the weapon. However, no ammunition may be inserted into a breach or chamber.
1.3 Side arms may have a loaded magazine inserted in or attached to the weapon and around of ammunition inserted into the breach or chamber.

State 2-Personal Weapons(Rifles, sub-machine guns and pistols, light machine guns including vehicle-mounted machine guns up to 12.7 mm/.5” calibre)
2.1 Personal weapons should be carried in a non-offensive manner.
2.2 Personal weapons may be carried by all personnel serving in formed UNMIB military units, but ammunition is to be carried separately from the weapon.
2.3 Personal weapons may be carried and have a loaded magazine or belted ammunition inserted in or attached to the weapon. However, the weapon may not be cocked and no ammunition may be inserted into the breach or chamber.
2.4 Personal weapons may have a loaded magazine or belted ammunition inserted in or attached to the weapon. The weapon may be cocked and ammunition may be inserted into the breach or chamber

State 3-Riot Control weapons (Riot Control – to be coordinated with UNPOL/FPU and an Ops order is required).
3.1No riot control weapons may be carried.
3.2 Riot control weapons may be issued to UN patrols but are to be carried in patrol vehicles and must remain out of sight of non-UN personnel.
3.3 Riot control weapons may be carried openly.

State 4-Laser Equipment
4.1 Ground/vehicle laser sources may only be used in the “Passive” state.
4.2 Ground/vehicle laser sources may be used in the “Active” mode. All reasonable precautions are to be taken to ensure that no injuries are inflicted as a result of the use of laser.

State 5-Mortars
5.1 Mortars may be carried covertly by patrols and in vehicles.
5.2 Mortars may be carried overtly on patrols and in vehicles.

State 6-Ground, Vehicle and Aircraft-Mounted Weapons
6.1 Ground, vehicle-, vessel-, and aircraft-mounted weapons may be deployed but not loaded with missiles or shells. In the cases where the weapon system contains ammunition integral to the system the weapon is not to be prepared for firing -not “charged”.
6.2 Ground, vehicle-, vessel-, and aircraft- mounted weapon system may be prepared for firing -“charged”.

State 7-Helicopter-Mounted Weapons
7.1 Helicopter-mounted missiles may not be deployed.
7.2 Helicopter-mounted guns and missiles may be deployed. Guns may have a loaded magazine or belted ammunition inserted in or attached to the weapon, but they will not be cocked, and no ammunition may be inserted into the breach or chamber. Missiles may not be prepared for immediate firing.
7.3 Helicopter-mounted guns and missiles may be deployed. Guns may have a loaded magazine or belted ammunition inserted in or attached to the weapon. They may be cocked, and ammunition may be inserted into the breach or chamber. Missiles may be prepared for immediate firing.... "
[http://www.forsvarsmakten.se/upload/Forband/Centra/Forsvaret...]

Daryo
United Kingdom
Native speaker of: Native in SerbianSerbian, Native in FrenchFrench
PRO pts in category: 20
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