Audience cost

13:23 Dec 28, 2012
English to French translations [PRO]
Art/Literary - Philosophy
English term or phrase: Audience cost
In a thesis on democracy, I have the following expression : audience cost.
Can you help me with the translation into French?
Thank you very much!!

TEXT :
Democratic property owners have more to lose in war than peace, and the comforts of their lives softens their hearts, extinguishing the military spirit.
Amid the current lingo, which speaks of “audience costs” as credible “regime dependent indicators of war” that “rational state actors” use to resolve their disputes, one may barely recognize his theory, which is also hardly credited.
Cécile Gaultier


Summary of answers provided
3"coûts d'audience"
Jocelyne Cuenin
3le prix à payer
Alain Boulé
Summary of reference entries provided
found this
Jonathan MacKerron

Discussion entries: 1





  

Answers


1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
audience cost
le prix à payer


Explanation:
... à l'échelon national

Suggestion

Alain Boulé
Local time: 05:34
Meets criteria
Native speaker of: Native in FrenchFrench
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1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
audience cost
"coûts d'audience"


Explanation:
Je le traduirais tel quel comme ci-dessous, mais le laisserais entre guillemets.

En fait, je pense que c'est le coût que ferait payer l'opinion publique à un dirigeant qui ferait des concessions face à l'ennemi, alors qu'il avait montré une certaine fermeteé.

Il s'agit de comprendre pourquoi on entre parfois en guerre au lieu de négocier alors que les deux parties gagneraient à négocier.

Le problème est que si le pays en conflit ne tient pas d'élections, c'est difficile de cerner quelle est l'opinion publique ou celle de la population. C'est pour cela que ce n'est peut-être pas plus mal de laisser audience entre guillemets.

Un concept de Fearon

https://warstudiespublications.wordpress.com/page/5/
23.08.12
...Security Studies
Le dernier numéro de la revue Security Studies a été publié et, comme toujours, c’est un vrai bonheur (Security Studies est ma revue préférée).

On y trouve notamment un dossier sur la question des « coûts d’audience » (audience costs). Il s’agit d’une notion importante, introduite brièvement par Schelling, mais principalement par Fearon dans un célèbre article de 1994. Le raisonnement est le suivant. En cas de tensions internationales, les leaders démocratiques, qui doivent rendre compte à leur électorat (l’audience), sont plus enclins à appliquer les menaces qu’ils ont proférées, à cause de la pression de l’opinion publique. En gros, comme ils ne peuvent pas se déjuger, ils ne menaceront un Etat que s’ils savent que les menaces seront potentiellement suivies d’effets et sont donc plus inflexibles, ce qui leur donne un avantage comparatif dans les négociations. En revanche, les dirigeants des régimes autoritaires n’ont pas cette pression de la population, et peuvent donc plus facilement menacer (gesticuler), mais aussi se rétracter et céder du terrain...


Ici :
http://www.cairn.info/resultats_recherche.php?searchTerm=aud...
traduit par "attente au sein du public"
Revue française de science politique 2012/2 (Vol. 62)
COMPTES RENDUS
...attente au sein du public domestique (« domestic audience costs ») [9]

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Note added at 1 hr (2012-12-28 15:04:53 GMT)
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Fearan :
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2944796?uid=3737864&ui...


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Note added at 1 hr (2012-12-28 15:05:33 GMT)
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FearOn, pardon.


Jocelyne Cuenin
Germany
Local time: 05:34
Meets criteria
Native speaker of: Native in FrenchFrench
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Reference comments


44 mins peer agreement (net): +1
Reference: found this

Reference information:
What makes international threats credible? Recent theories point to
domestic audience costs—the domestic price a leader would pay for making foreign threats and then backing down. This article provides the first direct evidence of audience costs. The analysis, based on experiments embedded in public opinion surveys, shows that audience costs exist across a wide range of conditions and increase with the level of escalation. The costs are evident throughout the population, and especially among politically active citizens who have the greatest potential to shape government policy. Finally, preliminary evidence suggests that audience costs arise because citizens care about the international reputation of the country or leader. These findings help identify how, and under what conditions, domestic audiences make commitments credible. At the same time, they demonstrate the promise of using experiments
to answer previously intractable questions in the field of international relations.

Jonathan MacKerron
Does not meet criteria
Native speaker of: English
Note to reference poster
Asker: Thank you so much John, it makes a lot more sense to me now!


Peer comments on this reference comment (and responses from the reference poster)
agree  idomyjob: i woul go for that
20 hrs
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