host cell

German translation: Wirtszelle

English term or phrase:host cell
German translation:Wirtszelle
Entered by: Edith Kelly

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00:56 Apr 30, 2020
English to German translations [PRO]
COVID-19 - Science - Medical (general)
Additional field(s): Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-), Medical (general), Science (general), Journalism
English term or phrase: host cell
Definition from Merriam-Webster:
A living cell invaded by or capable of being invaded by an infectious agent (such as a bacterium or a virus).

Example sentence(s):
  • Membrane fusion, they explained, is a multi-step process that begins with the virus recognising that it's found the right type of cell to infect. To do this, the virus receives feedback from the chemical environment, including cues like the receptor that the host cell presents, the study noted. The virus then attaches to the host cell receptor by way of the spike protein on its surface, it said. India Times
  • Other host pathways determined to be highly important in SARS and MERS-CoV replication include vesicle trafficking within the endoplasmic reticulum of host cells. It has been determined that the replicase-transcriptase machinery of the coronavirus assembles at the host endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and viral structural proteins assemble within the host ER, making it an essential cellular component and potential drug target to block both viral genome replication and capsid assembly in the formation of new virus particles during infection. Drug Target Review
  • And although the mechanism by which ivermectin works against the virus is not known, Wagstaff suggested it is likely that, based on its action in other viruses, the drug acts to stop the virus dampening down the host cells’ ability to clear it. GenEng News
Glossary-building KudoZ

Question posted on behalf of translation team:
GBK medical and pharma specialists

This question is closed

Als Wirtszelle wird eine lebende Zelle bezeichnet, die von einem Virus, einem intrazellulären Bakterium oder einem intrazellulären Parasiten infiziert werden kann.
Selected response from:

Edith Kelly
Grading comment
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

Summary of translations provided
4 +7Wirtszelle
Edith Kelly


Translations offered

2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +7

Definition from Wikipedia:
Als Wirtszelle wird eine lebende Zelle bezeichnet, die von einem Virus, einem intrazellulären Bakterium oder einem intrazellulären Parasiten infiziert werden kann.

Example sentence(s):
  • Ein Virus ist für seine Vermehrung von einer Wirtszelle abhängig. Doch wie bringt ein Virus seinen Wirt dazu, nicht nur die eigene, sondern auch die Virus-Erbinformation abzulesen und so Tochter-Viren herzustellen? -  
  • Ein Virus ist ein obligat intrazellulärer Parasit, dessen metabolische Prozesse wie die Synthese von Proteinen von einer Wirtszelle abhängig sind. Es erfüllt damit nicht alle Kriterien des Lebens (wie z.B. einen eigenständigen Stoffwechsel) - AMBOSS  
  • Potenzielles Mittel gegen SARS-CoV-2? Forscher haben einen Naturstoff entdeckt, der gegen das neuartige Coronavirus wirken könnte. Die von einem marinen Schwamm produzierten Substanzen hemmen offenbar das Wachstum viraler Erreger und können auch deren Eintritt in die Wirtszelle verhindern - Scinexx  
Edith Kelly
Local time: 20:12
Native speaker of: Native in GermanGerman, Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 157

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  Dr. Georg Schweigart
46 mins

Yes  Marion Schweizer
3 hrs

Yes  Ulrich Eberhardt
4 hrs

Yes  Elfi Hasenbeck-Laras
8 hrs

Yes  Steffen Walter
8 hrs

Yes  Susanne Gläsel
14 hrs

Yes  metranslations
2 days 13 hrs
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