propensity score

German translation: Propensity Score

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
English term or phrase:propensity score
German translation:Propensity Score
Entered by: Edith Kelly

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00:55 May 30, 2020
English to German translations [PRO]
COVID-19 - Medical - Medical (general)
Additional field(s): Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-), Medical (general), Journalism
English term or phrase: propensity score
Definition from National Center for Biotechnology Info.:
Rosenbaum and Rubin proposed the use of propensity scores as a method for allowing for confounding by indication. Propensity may be defined as an individual's probability of being treated with the intervention of interest given the complete set of all information about that individual. The propensity score provides a single metric that summarises all the information from explanatory variables such as disease severity and comorbity; it estimates the probability of a subject receiving the intervention of interest given his or her clinical status.

Example sentence(s):
  • Compared with a propensity score-matched cohort of 1090 cancer-free individuals with COVID-19 from the same health system, the participants with cancer and COVID-19 had higher case fatality rates across all age cohorts, with the between-group differences reaching statistical significance among patients aged 45–64 years and those older than 75 years (odds ratio [OR]=4.35 and 2.83, respectively). MedWire News
  • After inverse probability of treatment weighting was applied, 15 of the 19 covariates in the planned propensity score had weighted standardised differences below 10%; four covariates (confusion on admission, chronic kidney disease, chronic heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV), and liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class B or more)) exceeded the threshold (supplementary data 3). The BMJ
  • Neil Mehta, M.B.B.S., from the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, and colleagues examined the association between use of ACEIs/ARBs and the likelihood of testing positive for COVID-19 in a retrospective cohort study with overlap propensity score weighting. MedicalXPress
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Propensity Score
Definition:
Propensity Score Matching (PSM, deutsch etwa paarweise Zuordnung auf Basis von Neigungsscores) ist eine Form des Matching zur Schätzung von Kausaleffekten in nicht-experimentellen Beobachtungsstudien.

PSM wurde von 1983 von Paul Rosenbaum and Donald Rubin vorgestellt.
Selected response from:

Edith Kelly
Switzerland
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4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of translations provided
4 +2Propensity Score
Edith Kelly


  

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3 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +2
Propensity Score


Definition from Wikipedia:
Propensity Score Matching (PSM, deutsch etwa paarweise Zuordnung auf Basis von Neigungsscores) ist eine Form des Matching zur Schätzung von Kausaleffekten in nicht-experimentellen Beobachtungsstudien.

PSM wurde von 1983 von Paul Rosenbaum and Donald Rubin vorgestellt.

Example sentence(s):
  • Der Propensity Score (PS) ist definiert als die Wahrscheinlichkeit, mit der ein Patient die zu prüfende Therapie erhält. Der PS wird in einem ersten Schritt aus den vorhandenen Daten geschätzt, beispielsweise in einem logistischen Regressionsmodell. Im zweiten Schritt erfolgt die Schätzung des eigentlich interessierenden Therapieeffekts unter Zuhilfenahme des PS. Dabei stehen vier Methoden zur Verfügung: PS-Matching, „inverse probability of treatment weighting“(IPTW)-Schätzung, Stratifizierung nach dem PS oder Regressionsadjustierung für den PS. - Ärzteblatt  
  • Eine Randomisierung kann beispielsweise bei seltenen Krankheiten, kleinen Stichproben oder aus ethischen Gründen nicht möglich sein. Allerdings bietet hier das Propensity Score Matching eine Möglichkeit, nicht-randomisierte Therapiestudien auszuwerten. Denn durch dieses Verfahren kann man gleiche Voraussetzungen der zu vergleichenden Therapiegruppen sicherzustellen. Durch Propensity Score Matching erfolgt dabei eine Adjustierung der Auswertungen hinsichtlich gemessener Störgrößen. I - Novustat  
  • Propensity-Score-Methoden zur Schätzung von Behandlungseffekten: Eine Chance für die rehabilitative Versorgungsforschung - Thieme  

Explanation:
Versuche einer deutschen Übersetzung im Internet:

Neigungsbewertung, aber meistens im Zusammenhang mit Lawinen

Behandlungsgewichtung
https://www.jove.com/video/59825/inverse-wahrscheinlichkeit-...
eindeutig eine Übersetzung
Edith Kelly
Switzerland
Local time: 02:13
Native speaker of: Native in GermanGerman, Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 157

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  Marie Meyer: Yes, it's normally left untranslated.
4 days
  -> danke und angenehmen Abend

Yes  Regina Eichstaedter
60 days
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