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propensity score

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00:55 May 30, 2020
English to Hindi translations [PRO]
COVID-19 - Medical - Medical (general)
Additional field(s): Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-), Medical (general), Journalism
English term or phrase: propensity score
Definition from National Center for Biotechnology Info.:
Rosenbaum and Rubin proposed the use of propensity scores as a method for allowing for confounding by indication. Propensity may be defined as an individual's probability of being treated with the intervention of interest given the complete set of all information about that individual. The propensity score provides a single metric that summarises all the information from explanatory variables such as disease severity and comorbity; it estimates the probability of a subject receiving the intervention of interest given his or her clinical status.

Example sentence(s):
  • Compared with a propensity score-matched cohort of 1090 cancer-free individuals with COVID-19 from the same health system, the participants with cancer and COVID-19 had higher case fatality rates across all age cohorts, with the between-group differences reaching statistical significance among patients aged 45–64 years and those older than 75 years (odds ratio [OR]=4.35 and 2.83, respectively). MedWire News
  • After inverse probability of treatment weighting was applied, 15 of the 19 covariates in the planned propensity score had weighted standardised differences below 10%; four covariates (confusion on admission, chronic kidney disease, chronic heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV), and liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class B or more)) exceeded the threshold (supplementary data 3). The BMJ
  • Neil Mehta, M.B.B.S., from the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, and colleagues examined the association between use of ACEIs/ARBs and the likelihood of testing positive for COVID-19 in a retrospective cohort study with overlap propensity score weighting. MedicalXPress
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Summary of translations provided
4रोग की प्रवृत्ति
Harishankar Shahi


Translations offered

2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
रोग की प्रवृत्ति

Definition from WHO:
रोगों की अपनी एक प्रवृत्ति होती है, जैसे उनके लक्षण और आवृत्ति। किन्हीं दो रोगों की प्रवृत्तिया भी एक समान हो सकती है, और किसी व्यक्ति में रोगों की लक्षणों की प्रवृति भी उसके उपचार में सहायक सिद्ध हो सकती हैं।

Example sentence(s):
  • सभी प्रकार के कारणों की शृंखला का तथा उनके परस्पर संबंध और अपेक्षाकृत बलाबल के अध्ययन द्वारा वातावरण की रोगसहायक प्रवृत्तियों को वश में कर अनेक रोगों का सफल नियंत्रण या उन्मूलन संभव हो सका है। - Wikipedia  
  • नाड़ी विज्ञान भारतवर्ष का अति प्राचीन विज्ञान है। यह एक ऐसा विज्ञान है जो व्यक्ति की प्रकृति ही नहीं प्रवृत्ति के बारे में भी बताता है। यही नहीं शारीरिक, मानसिक, भावनात्मक रोगों के बारे में भी इसकी सहायता से सब कुछ जाना जा सकता है। - Dainik Jagran  
  • रासायनिक और दुष्परिणामों वाली औषधियों के सेवन से हमारे शरीर में एक अल्प सक्रिय जहर तो फैल ही गया है। आदिवासियों के अनुसार रोग कोई समस्या नहीं होती है, रोग तो एक प्रवृति है जो धीमे-धीमे हमारे शरीर में विकसित होने लगती है - News Portal  
Harishankar Shahi
Native speaker of: Native in HindiHindi
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