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09:54 Jun 14, 2009
English to Indonesian translations [PRO]
Science - Forestry / Wood / Timber
Additional field(s): Environment & Ecology
English term or phrase: understory
Definition from NC glossary of forestry terms:
The area below the forest canopy that comprises shrubs, snags and small tree. Because the understory receives little light, many of the plants at this level tolerate shade and will remain part of the understory. Others will grow and replace older trees that fall.

Example sentence(s):
  • The understory is a unique environment, involving more than just shade. Shade influences air temperature, humidity, soil temperature, soil moisture content, wind movement, and more. These factors impact plants. Agroforestry ejournal
  • Savanna trees influence water, light, and nutrient availability under their canopies, but the relative importance of these resources to understory plants is not well understood. CAT.INIST
  • Understory vegetation responded to thinning with increased percentage of cover and number of herbaceous species in thinned areas and in created gaps. US Forest Service
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Summary of translations provided
5lapisan bawah
Wiyanto Suroso


Translations offered

29 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
lapisan bawah

Definition from CIFOR:
Lapisan bawah ialah lapisan yang terletak di antara kanopi hutan dan permukaan tanah.

Example sentence(s):
  • Lapisan bawah (understory): lapisan hanya mendapat 2-5% sinar matahari. Terdiri dari tumbuhan kecil dan semai (seedling) yang tidak memerlukan banyak cahaya matahari. - Melestarikan Alam Indonesia  
  • Tanaman lapisan bawah (understory) tahan naungan. - World Agroforestry  
  • Lapisan semak (Shrub layer): - merupakan lapisan yang terjadi antara pohon-pohon kecil pada lapisan bawah (understory) dan lapisan lantai hutan. - lapisan ini terdiri dari paku-pakuan dan semak-semak. - Klasifikasi Pohon  
Wiyanto Suroso
Local time: 18:24
Native speaker of: Native in IndonesianIndonesian
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