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12:25 Mar 13, 2009
English to Indonesian translations [PRO]
Science - Zoology
English term or phrase: coelom
Definition from
Fluid-filled cavity within the body of an animal; usually refers to a cavity lined with specialized tissue peritoneum in which the gut is suspended. The structure and development of the coelom is an important character for recognizing major groups of animals.

Example sentence(s):
  • Simpler animals like cnidarians (jellyfish, coral, etc.) and sponges are diploblastic and monoblastic respectively, lacking a coelom. Though the coelom developed in triploblastic animals, some of these animals have lost their coeloms. wiseGEEK
  • Flatworms would have lost the coelom secondarily. Since their acoelomate condition is no longer indicative of a primitive origin, most of their characters put them in the protostomes, with the spiralian phyla. CBS Interactive Inc. BNET
  • Functionally, a coelom can absorb shock or provide a hydrostatic skeleton.
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Summary of translations provided
5 +1selom (rongga)
ria ulfah ardhiyani
5Selom (rongga)
Andri Pramono


Translations offered

30 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +1
selom (rongga)

Definition from Tiga Serangkai:
rongga (coelom)

Example sentence(s):
  • Coelenterata disebut juga sebagai hewan berongga (coelom) - Tiga Serangkai  

coelom is usually adopted to Bahasa as 'selom' which means rongga tubuh. Animals can be morphologically categorized by the presence of coelom as acoelomata (aselomata), coelomata (selomata), pseudocoelomata (pseudoselomata)
ria ulfah ardhiyani
Local time: 03:00
Native speaker of: Native in IndonesianIndonesian, Native in JavaneseJavanese

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  Andri Pramono: It is a short and general answer, but it is still good
8 days
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38 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
Selom (rongga)

Definition from Wikipedia:
Selom adalah rongga yang berisi cairan yang terbentuk di dalam mesoderm. Selom terbentuk pada fase triploblas tetapi akan hilang setelah beberapa fase berikutnya. Hilangnya selom berkaitan erat dengan penurunan besaran badan. Selom hanya terdapat pada fase triploblas binatang, walaupun kadangkala istilah selom juga digunakan untuk merujuk kepada pembentukan saluran pencernaan (contoh penggunaan istilah selom yang salah).
Secara fungsinya, selom dapat meredam getaran atau mempunyai fungsi hidrostatik. Sehingga organ tubuh dapat berkembang secara terpisah dari dinding lapisan tubuh yang terluar.
Dahulu, ahli zoologi mengelompokkan binatang berdasarkan ada atau tidaknya selom. Ada atau tidaknya selom dan bagaimana selom terbentuk dipercayai sangat penting untuk membuat hubungan filogeni di fillum binatang. Walaupun demikian, filogeni molekular yang terbaru memperlihatkan bahwa karakteristik pengelompokkan dengan selom ini tidak sepenuhnya benar.

Example sentence(s):
  • Contoh selom dapat dilihat pada saluran pencernaan dari cacing tanah dan hewan-hewan dari golongan annelida . Dimana saluran pencernaan cacing tanah dan hewan golongan annelida berada di dalam bagian mesentery yang berasal dari mesoderm yang membentuk selom. Pada mamalia, selom membentuk bagian peritoneal, pleural dan rongga perikardial. - wikipedia  
Andri Pramono
Local time: 17:00
Native speaker of: Native in IndonesianIndonesian
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