Non-Pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs)

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00:55 May 22, 2020
English to Japanese translations [PRO]
COVID-19 - Medical - Medical (general)
Additional field(s): Medical: Health Care, Science (general)
English term or phrase: Non-Pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs)
Definition from Climson University:
As they relate to COVID-19, the CDC defines non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) as actions, apart from getting vaccinated and taking medicine, that people and communities can take to help slow the spread of illnesses like pandemic influenza (flu). NPIs are also known as community mitigation strategies. When a new flu virus spreads among people, causing illness worldwide, it is called pandemic flu. Because a pandemic flu virus is new, the human population has little or no immunity against it. This allows the virus to spread quickly from person to person worldwide. NPIs are among the best ways of controlling pandemic flu when vaccines are not yet available.

Example sentence(s):
  • The outbreak containment strategies in China based on non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) appear to be effective, but quantitative research is still needed to assess the efficacy of NPIs and their timings. Using epidemiological and anonymised human movement data, here we develop a modelling framework that uses daily travel networks to simulate different outbreak and intervention scenarios across China. Nature
  • Non-pharmaceutical interventions for pandemic influenza, national and community measures. National Center for Biotechnology Info.
  • Non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) and virus testing are melded in the effort to flatten the curve, thus reducing the number of new cases occurring daily and offering healthcare systems and public authorities the time to prepare for the coming wave of infections. However, given the resulting instability of the social and economic situation, both federal and state governments are chafing to return to normalcy as soon as possible. News Medical
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Summary of translations provided
4公衆衛生的介入
Shiho Fukuda Koski


  

Translations offered


4 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
公衆衛生的介入


Definition from own experience or research:
都市封鎖、外出や移動の禁止、社会的(物理的)距離の維持、感染者および家族の自宅隔離、治療および検疫の集約化、全例症状調査といった薬剤を用いない介入

Example sentence(s):
  • 中国・湖北省武漢市のCOVID-19集団発生(outbreak)では、都市封鎖(city lockdown)や社会的距離(social distancing)、自宅隔離、集約化された検疫・治療、医療資源の拡充など一連の多面的な公衆衛生的介入により、初発の確定症例や実効再生産数(2次感染の指標)が経時的に抑制されたことが、中国・華中科技大学のAn Pan氏らの調査で示された。 - CareNet  
  • 感染流行の収束の程度により、公衆衛生的介入が緩和される可能性はあるが(実際、いくつかの国が慎重に部分的な解除を模索し始めているが)、治療法やワクチンが開発されるまでは信頼できる客観的な評価ができないため、介入の緩和は政治的、あるいは社会的に容易ではない。 - RIETI 独立行政法人経済産業研  
Shiho Fukuda Koski
United States
Local time: 12:13
Native speaker of: Native in JapaneseJapanese
PRO pts in category: 8
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