host cell

For term searches and specialty glossaries, please try the new GBK glossaries
00:58 Apr 30, 2020
English to Latvian translations [PRO]
COVID-19 - Science - Medical (general)
Additional field(s): Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-), Medical (general), Science (general), Journalism
English term or phrase: host cell
Definition from Merriam-Webster:
A living cell invaded by or capable of being invaded by an infectious agent (such as a bacterium or a virus).

Example sentence(s):
  • Membrane fusion, they explained, is a multi-step process that begins with the virus recognising that it's found the right type of cell to infect. To do this, the virus receives feedback from the chemical environment, including cues like the receptor that the host cell presents, the study noted. The virus then attaches to the host cell receptor by way of the spike protein on its surface, it said. India Times
  • Other host pathways determined to be highly important in SARS and MERS-CoV replication include vesicle trafficking within the endoplasmic reticulum of host cells. It has been determined that the replicase-transcriptase machinery of the coronavirus assembles at the host endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and viral structural proteins assemble within the host ER, making it an essential cellular component and potential drug target to block both viral genome replication and capsid assembly in the formation of new virus particles during infection. Drug Target Review
  • And although the mechanism by which ivermectin works against the virus is not known, Wagstaff suggested it is likely that, based on its action in other viruses, the drug acts to stop the virus dampening down the host cells’ ability to clear it. GenEng News
Glossary-building KudoZ




Question posted on behalf of translation team:
GBK medical and pharma specialists


This question will remain open until an answer receives the required level of agreement from peers. Submission is still possible.


Summary of translations provided
4saimniekšūna
Sandra Kuple


  

Translations offered


2 days 8 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
saimniekšūna


Definition from own experience or research:
Dzīva šūna, kurā ir iekļuvis vai var iekļūt infekcijas izraisītājs (piemēram, baktērija vai vīruss).

Example sentence(s):
  • Saimnieka šūnā iekļuvušais vīrusa genoms programmē vīrusa sastāvdaļu sintēzi, vienlaikus apspiežot šūnas genoma funkcijas. - Virusoloģija  
  • Vairojoties saimniekšūna vienlaikus savairo arī vīrusu. - La.lv  
  • Saimniekšūna sintezē vīrusa olbaltumvielas un DNS/RNS un veido jaunus vīrusus. Saimniekšūna bieži iet bojā. - Ievads šūnu bioloģijā  
Sandra Kuple
Latvia
Local time: 01:46
Native speaker of: Native in LatvianLatvian
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)



Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs (or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.

KudoZ™ translation help

The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.


See also:

Your current localization setting

English

Select a language

Term search
  • All of ProZ.com
  • Term search
  • Jobs
  • Forums
  • Multiple search