neurocephalic

Latvian translation: Neirocefāliska (puzzled)

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
English term or phrase:neurocephalic
Latvian translation:Neirocefāliska (puzzled)

17:57 Aug 28, 2016
    The asker opted for community grading. The question was closed on 2016-08-31 23:54:52 based on peer agreement (or, if there were too few peer comments, asker preference.)


English to Latvian translations [PRO]
Medical - Medical: Instruments / apartūra
English term or phrase: neurocephalic
Figure 3 The neurocephalic rotation during neurulation centred on the chordal apex (above) and the chondrocranial flexure acquired during the 8 th week ...
Biruta MARKO
Local time: 16:34
Neirocefāliska (puzzled)
Explanation:
Neiroķirurgs >>neurosurgeon
Neiroķirurģijas nodaļa | A Slimnīca
https://www.aslimnica.lv/lv/content/neirokirurgijas-nodala
No 2002.gada Katastrofu Medicīnas centra neiroķirurgs. ... Papildus izglītība un prakse: Lancaster Neurosurgical Associates, 6 mēnešu ...

Mikrocefālija sastopama arī bērniem Latvijā, bet ne Zikas vīrusa dēļ ...
www.lsm.lv/.../mikrocefalija-sastopama-ari-berniem-latvija-...
Oldal lefordítása
2016. febr. 4. - Mikrocefālija ir sastopama arī bērniem Latvijā, tiesa, citu iemeslu dēļ. ... Ja iepriekš Brazīlijā gada laikā mikrocefālijas gadījumi bija mērāmi ...

https://www.google.hu/#newwindow=1&q=mikrocefālija

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Note added at 4 hrs (2016-08-28 22:17:35 GMT)
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http://qquestion.info/lv/questions/382915

The word kephalos Ancient Greek: Κέφαλος =galva

Galvaskauss : everything related to skull begins with "cefāl(iska)"

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Note added at 4 hrs (2016-08-28 22:18:36 GMT)
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(if you remember, he was a Latvian neurosurgeon...)

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Note added at 3 days12 hrs (2016-09-01 06:52:50 GMT) Post-grading
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Liels paldies!
Selected response from:

Erzsébet Czopyk
Hungary
Local time: 17:34
Grading comment
Selected automatically based on peer agreement.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
4Neirocefāliska (puzzled)
Erzsébet Czopyk
Summary of reference entries provided
Original Synthetic Article: The relationships between occlusion and posture in the hominid lineage
Erzsébet Czopyk

  

Answers


4 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
Neirocefāliska (puzzled)


Explanation:
Neiroķirurgs >>neurosurgeon
Neiroķirurģijas nodaļa | A Slimnīca
https://www.aslimnica.lv/lv/content/neirokirurgijas-nodala
No 2002.gada Katastrofu Medicīnas centra neiroķirurgs. ... Papildus izglītība un prakse: Lancaster Neurosurgical Associates, 6 mēnešu ...

Mikrocefālija sastopama arī bērniem Latvijā, bet ne Zikas vīrusa dēļ ...
www.lsm.lv/.../mikrocefalija-sastopama-ari-berniem-latvija-...
Oldal lefordítása
2016. febr. 4. - Mikrocefālija ir sastopama arī bērniem Latvijā, tiesa, citu iemeslu dēļ. ... Ja iepriekš Brazīlijā gada laikā mikrocefālijas gadījumi bija mērāmi ...

https://www.google.hu/#newwindow=1&q=mikrocefālija

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 4 hrs (2016-08-28 22:17:35 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

http://qquestion.info/lv/questions/382915

The word kephalos Ancient Greek: Κέφαλος =galva

Galvaskauss : everything related to skull begins with "cefāl(iska)"

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 4 hrs (2016-08-28 22:18:36 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

(if you remember, he was a Latvian neurosurgeon...)

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 3 days12 hrs (2016-09-01 06:52:50 GMT) Post-grading
--------------------------------------------------

Liels paldies!

Erzsébet Czopyk
Hungary
Local time: 17:34
Native speaker of: Native in HungarianHungarian
PRO pts in category: 8
Grading comment
Selected automatically based on peer agreement.
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)




Reference comments


3 hrs
Reference: Original Synthetic Article: The relationships between occlusion and posture in the hominid lineage

Reference information:
Figure 3 The neurocephalic rotation during neurulation centred on the ...
https://www.researchgate.net/.../228752278_fig1_Figure-3-The...

Figure 3 The neurocephalic rotation during neurulation centred on the chordal apex (above) and the chondrocranial flexure acquired during the 8 th week (Carnegie stage 23) (below pictures from Levi 1900 in Dambricourt Malassé 1988, 1993, 2006a). H1: horizontal axis or the cephalic segment of the notochord, H2 vertical axis crossing the chordal apex, H3: pre-chordal horizontal axis. Cm: Meckel’s cartilaginous, Ms: mesencephalon, Met: metencephalon, My: myelencephalon, N: notochorde, P: prosencephalon, R: rhombencephalon, Tel: telencephalon.

The mammalian embryo distinguishes itself by an anterior-posterior polarity, noticeable along the notochord and by a dorsal-ventral polarity. In quadrupedal mammals, antero-posterior polarity is preserved until the adult stage. In humans, however, it disappears well before birth, reduced by the distance between the prosthion and the opistocranion, and it merges with the dorsal-ventral polarity, entirely redistributed along the vertical axis. This reduction of the antero-posterior polarity in humans is related to the verticalization of the cephalic termination of the metamerized axial skeleton (Dambricourt Malassé 1988, 2006, 2009a, b). Until the sixth week of the embryonic development, the cephalic skeleton is formed only by the future base, the cartilaginous blastema with the body of the sphenoid and the basi-occipital in the same alignment (Figure 3). We showed that the breaking of this plane (the planum basale) takes place during the closure of the neural groove at the apex of the notochord and is caused by the interaction of cellular tensions occurring between the cells of the neural plate, just above the discontinuity between the notochord and the pre-chordal plate (Dambricourt Malassé 1987, 1988, 1993, 2006, 2009). The neural groove does not close in this area where specific constraints develop, taking place between the segmented axial skeleton (metamerized) and the pre-chordal head skeleton, i.e. between the body of the sphenoid and the basi-occipital. This neural kinetics, located in front of the notochord and centred on its apex, follows an anteroposterior rotation which straightens the head of the embryo. The vector expands beyond a vertical line passing through the apex of the notochord. The neural groove continues with a reverse rotation forward and downward. The underlying planum basale formed by the cartilaginous blastema initiates two kinetics “mirroring each other”. The posterior sphenoid initiates a rotation in the direction of the neural kinetics at the spheno-occipital synchondrosis causing the downward and forward bending of the basioccipital and of the future cerebellar fossa. The anterior sphenoid (pre-sphenoid) initiates a reversed kinetics.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228752278_Original_...

Original Synthetic Article: The relationships between occlusion and posture in the hominid lineage, implications for the transition between mesolithic and neolithic …

Abstract
Background and Aim: Connecting the occlusion to the posture during growth consists in studying the correlations between the contact of both dental arches and the constraints acting within the skull base, at the level of the sphenoidal synchondroses. They articulate the ethmoid, sphenoid and basi-occipital anlages which are in the same alignment during the first weeks of the embryonic period. The basi-occipital belongs to the metamerised axial skeleton (petrous bones, exo-occipital, vertebral column and sacrum), the sphenoid and ethmoid belong to the prechordal territories. The simiiforms are the only mammals where embryonic kinetics breaks the alignment by a flexure sitting at the chordal-prechordal limit because of increasing tensions acting during neurulation. The degree of verticality of both facial and axial skeletons (i.e. the position of the cerebellar fossa) of the two temporo-mandibular joints and the mandibular dental arch depend on these late embryonic kinetics. The future occlusion between the maxillar and the mandibular dental arches requires coherent dynamics between the three sphenoidal synchondroses. Materials and Methods: These correlations were analyzed by using a metric methodology applied to x-rays or CT scan images of extant and fossil skulls. Results and conclusions: This approach presents major interests for the study of occluso-postural balances in fossil hominids as well as for the analysis of the evolutionary mode, tempo and phylogenetic association, in particular when dealing with the emergence of the contemporary occlusion at about 7,000 years BP. A better knowledge of this transition can be useful to understand the increasing ageneses and occluso-postural dysharmonies in modern populations.

Erzsébet Czopyk
Hungary
Native speaker of: Native in HungarianHungarian
PRO pts in category: 8
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)



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