bottom-up

Polish translation: oddolne

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
English term or phrase:bottom-up
Polish translation:oddolne
Entered by: Aleksandra Hetmańczyk

13:56 Sep 27, 2010
English to Polish translations [PRO]
Science - Environment & Ecology
English term or phrase: bottom-up
np. bottom-up effects/ forces

Mam pewne typy, ale nie wiem jaki termin przyjęty jest w ekologii.
Tutaj: http://glossary.eea.europa.eu/terminology/terminology/concep... słowniczek podaje "z dołu do góry".

Przykłady z mojego tekstu:
"There has been an ongoing debate on the importance of bottom-up versus top-down forces in structuring plant communities. Bottom-up forces are environmental conditions affecting primary production and, as a result, higher trophic levels. In contrast, top-down forces are higher trophic levels impacting lower levels."

lub

"One of the reasons for the different outcomes of these studies regarding the role of bottom-up and top-down factors on forest dynamics, is that biotic and abiotic factors are expected to strongly interact."
Aleksandra Hetmańczyk
Poland
Local time: 13:20
oddolne
Explanation:
vs. odgórne - nie ładnie?

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at   9 min (2010-09-27 14:06:16 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Podejście oddolne oznacza, że lokalni partnerzy biorą udział w podejmowaniu decyzji co ..... Wzmocnione podejście oddolne w ramach koncepcji Leader, dające ...
ec.europa.eu/agriculture/rur/leaderplus/.../leader_approach_pl.pdf
Selected response from:

ironsz
Local time: 13:20
Grading comment
Dziękuję!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
4 +4oddolne
ironsz


  

Answers


3 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +4
oddolne


Explanation:
vs. odgórne - nie ładnie?

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at   9 min (2010-09-27 14:06:16 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Podejście oddolne oznacza, że lokalni partnerzy biorą udział w podejmowaniu decyzji co ..... Wzmocnione podejście oddolne w ramach koncepcji Leader, dające ...
ec.europa.eu/agriculture/rur/leaderplus/.../leader_approach_pl.pdf

ironsz
Local time: 13:20
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in PolishPolish
PRO pts in category: 24
Grading comment
Dziękuję!

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  jerzywroblewski
21 mins
  -> dzięki

agree  Mateusz Batelt
47 mins
  -> dzięki

agree  Katarzyna Landsberg-Polubok
51 mins
  -> dzięki

agree  IwonaASzymaniak
51 mins
  -> dz
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)



Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs (or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.

KudoZ™ translation help

The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.


See also:

Your current localization setting

English

Select a language

Term search
  • All of ProZ.com
  • Term search
  • Jobs
  • Forums
  • Multiple search