foot process

Polish translation: wypustki stopowate

13:09 Feb 17, 2020
English to Polish translations [PRO]
Medical - Medical (general)
English term or phrase: foot process
The astrocyte has little foot process as they cover over the synapse.

https://youtu.be/uS0ioiB0_oY?t=1977

Uprzejmie dziękuję.
Epcia33
Local time: 05:05
Polish translation:wypustki stopowate
Explanation:
http://rcin.org.pl/Content/68808/1986_24_3_365-376.pdf

https://www.scribd.com/doc/137045796/Konturek-Układ-nerwowy

GFAP. Hypertrophied astrocytes in the molecular cortical layer with positive immunohistochemical reaction in perikarya and processes. X 400
GFAP. Przerosle astrocyty warstwy drobinowej kory z dodatnim odczynem
immunohistochemicznym w perykarionach i wypustkach. Pow. 400 X

https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podocyt
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podocyte
The foot processes known as pedicels that extend from the podocytes wrap themselves around the capillaries of the glomerulus to form the filtration slits. The pedicels increase the surface area of the cells enabling efficient ultrafiltration.[4]
Selected response from:

Justyna Zhang
United States
Local time: 21:05
Grading comment
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
2wypustki stopowate
Justyna Zhang
Summary of reference entries provided
astrocytic foot process
Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.

  

Answers


13 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 2/5Answerer confidence 2/5
wypustki stopowate


Explanation:
http://rcin.org.pl/Content/68808/1986_24_3_365-376.pdf

https://www.scribd.com/doc/137045796/Konturek-Układ-nerwowy

GFAP. Hypertrophied astrocytes in the molecular cortical layer with positive immunohistochemical reaction in perikarya and processes. X 400
GFAP. Przerosle astrocyty warstwy drobinowej kory z dodatnim odczynem
immunohistochemicznym w perykarionach i wypustkach. Pow. 400 X

https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podocyt
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podocyte
The foot processes known as pedicels that extend from the podocytes wrap themselves around the capillaries of the glomerulus to form the filtration slits. The pedicels increase the surface area of the cells enabling efficient ultrafiltration.[4]


Justyna Zhang
United States
Local time: 21:05
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in PolishPolish
PRO pts in category: 16
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Reference comments


3 hrs
Reference: astrocytic foot process

Reference information:
Astrocytic foot processes surround brain capillaries and, during development, induce endothelial cells to form tight junctions. The endothelial tight junctions are the basis of the blood-brain barrier, a system of controlled transcapillary transport which maintains homeostasis in the CNS. Endothelial tight junctions are found only in brain capillaries. Loss of the integrity of the endothelial barrier causes fluid to leak into the interstitial space, leading to vasogenic cerebral edema. This raises intracranial pressure and can collapse brain capillaries, resulting in arrest of cerebral perfusion. Cerebral edema is caused by a variety of pathological processes, including ischemic insults, inflammation, and malignant brain tumors whose capillaries do not have tight junctions. Astrocytes are less vulnerable than neurons to ischemic injury but they are damaged if there is lactic acidosis. Such damage causes intracellular fluid accumulation (cytotoxic edema). Cytotoxic edema involves the cerebral cortex, whereas vasogenic edema is more pronounced in the white matter. Vasogenic edema is more important clinically than cytotoxic edema.


    Reference: http://neuropathology-web.org/chapter1/chapter1bAstrocytes.h...
Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
United States
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in PolishPolish
PRO pts in category: 1867
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