em-box

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15:54 Apr 22, 2010
English to Romanian translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering - Printing & Publishing
Additional field(s): Computers: Software, Photography/Imaging (& Graphic Arts)
English term or phrase: em-box
Definition from University of Minnesota Duluth :
The box around a font character of a given 'size' as designed by the designer. It is sometimes referred to as an em-square. The theoretical square that glyphs are designed upon. Its height is the intended distance between lines of type in the same type size. It is the design grid on which the glyph outlines are defined.

Example sentence(s):
  • The ideographic em-box center baseline is defined as halfway between the ideographic em-box top and bottom baselines in the horizontal axis, and halfway between the ideographic em-box left and right baselines in the vertical axis. Microsoft Corporation
  • This text uses the em-box definition, for simplicity’s sake. In replaced elements, the content area is the intrinsic height of the element plus any margins, borders, or padding. oreilly.com
  • During development it was noticed that there could be placement errors if the em box, the ascender and descender don't match. wiki.apache.org
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Summary of translations provided
5"Cutie em"
ION CAPATINA
4corp de literă
Aug. Dragoste


  

Translations offered


2 days 13 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
"Cutie em"


Definition from Universitatea din Minnesota:
“Cutia em” este cutia teoretica (sau patratul) in jurul unui caracter font de o anumita marime asa cum este atribuita de catre proiectantul fontului. I se spune uneori “patratul em”. Este chenarul teoretic pe baza caruia sunt proiectate semnele reprezentand literele.”

Example sentence(s):
  • “Cutiile” (în engleză box) se vor comporta diferit în funcţie de modul în care sunt poziţionate.O cutie a carei lăţime (width) nu a fost stabilită se va extinde până la limita ecranului sau până la limita elementului care o conţine, valoarea implicită a lăţimii fiind auto, iar conţinutul cutiei va fi extinsă până la dimensiunea maximă permisă de ea. O cutie goală va avea o lăţime egală cu border + padding + margin, exceptând cazul în care se specifică lăţimea minimă prin declaraţia min-width. Înălţimea (height) unei cutii va fi egală cu înălţimea conţinutului, exceptând cazul în care se specifică înălţimea minimă prin declaraţia min-height. - Web cu stil CSS  
  • “Sa ne intoarcem acum la cutia noastra. Orice cutie (element bloc) poate avea o bordura. Proprietatile fiecarei laturi (sus jos stanga dreapta) pot fi accesate separat, dar o sa va explic cum pot fi modificate toate deodata” “Unitatile de tip "em" sunt relative la dimensiunile literelor folosite. O unitate 'em' masoara cat inaltimea literelor majuscule standard folosite in interiorul elementului pentru care folosim valoarea.” - Tutorial HTML Stefanov  
  • “Unitati Relative: em – lățimea literei M a fontului current” - Comunicare in medii electronice-Dr.Sabin  

Explanation:
Pentru traducerea acestui termen am studiat mai multe situri si bloguri unde am intalnit termeni cum ar fi:
celula, caseta, chenar, patrat, cutie, boxa.
Cel mai des intalnit si mai potrivit mi se pare "cutie".
Acest lucru si poate datorita faptului ca definitia sa este astfel:
Em`box´
v. t. 1. To inclose, as in a box; to imbox.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by C. & G. Merriam Co.
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Embox
Other quotes and links:
In order to clearly explain the workings of the inline formatting model, it is important to detail the terminology to be used. First, some equivalences, and then explanations of the terms used.
em-box = font-size = content-area
content-area + (half-)leading = inline box
inline box(min/max) = line-box
...where:
em-box = the em-box defined in the given font
font-size = the value used with the em-box to scale the font for display
http://meyerweb.com/eric/css/inline-format.html
“It's the height of the standard latin uppercase letters, typically the same as the height of M. (In pretty much all other typecasting situations it's the width, and not the height, but not in CSS.)”
"A font's ideographic em-box is the rectangle that defines a standard escapement around the full-width ideographic glyphs of the font, for both the horizontal and vertical writing directions. It is usually a square, but may be non-square as in the case of fonts used in Japanese newspaper layout that have a vertically condensed design."
So, the em box sort of is a -usually - square box big enough to hold any character ("glyph") that makes up a certain font.
The CSS em unit is defined as the height of this box, but basically it is a measurement related to the font in question and is therefore suited to be used for all measurements that need to relate to the font used, like margins, line height, etc.
You may dub it as "counter-intuitive", but I'll bet for a typesetter, or printer, or someone familiar with typography it makes perfect sense. As often is the case with CSS, it requires a bit of a change in thinking away for pixel dimensions.
“ems are nifty”
ION CAPATINA
United States
Local time: 21:10
Native speaker of: Romanian
PRO pts in category: 8
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79 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
corp de literă


Definition from own experience or research:
Cadrul delimitat de liniile portativului pentru corpul (sau înăţimea) literelor mici se numeşte corpul literei.

Example sentence(s):
  • Corpul (sau înălţimea) literei este limitat de liniile paralele ale portativului de construire a literelor desenate. Portativul stabileşte atât dimensiunile majusculelor cât şi ale minusculelor precum şi ale cifrelor. Portativul şi înclinarea este o reţea de linii ajutătoare, perpendiculare şi paralele, trasate pe suportul de desenare a literelor. Corpul literelor este constituit din înălţimea literelor mici. Supracorpul stabileşte limita de sus a majusculelor şi a unor litere mici. Subcorpul stabileşte limita de jos a literelor g, j, p etc. Spracorpul şi subcorpul literelor sunt egale, în general. Grosimea literei este a şasea parte din înăţimea ei. - Scriere artistică  

Explanation:
V.R.Iacobescu, V.V. Iacobescu, Tehnica scrierii artistice, E.T., Bucureşti,1989.
În lucrare, printre altele, se dau indicaţiile necesare executării scrierii desenate: trasarea portativului, corpul, grosimea, construirea ovalelor şi bastonatelor, spaţiul interior şi spaţiul dintre litere, construirea bazelor şi a legăturii dintre litere, pentru diferite tipuri de scriere.
Aug. Dragoste
Romania
Local time: 05:10
Native speaker of: Romanian
PRO pts in category: 11
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