первая медицинская помощь, меры первой медицинской помощи, система оказания перв.мед.пом.
Indeed, speaking more exactly, one should apply the combination of words "primary health _CARE_", because, in general, that combination of only two words "primary health" is not used.
You perhaps know the words from well-known Alma-Ata Declaration:
"PRIMARY HEALTH CARE is based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development." Cetainly, RF signed this document and thus obeys its principles.
I cannot cite exactly the aims and objectives in view of absence of official books near my PC:) Beleave me, the heatth system in USSR was used by Soviet propaganda for explanation of achievement sof cosial system. It was not only propaganda. Our medical primary and "secondary" care yet is very high. A certain barrier to its development is the economical situation we living in. But some achievements (хирургия, кардиохируругия, урология, педиатрия, гинекология, etc.) are really great.
The system of primary health care in RF is provided by qualitfied physicians which attend patients in so-called polyclinics (policlinics), where all habitants of cities and towns are registered. Paritents in villages are served by either local ФАП (фельдшерско-акушерский пункт) or Central District Hospital (TsRB = Центральная районная больница). Some years ago the system of obligatory dispancerization was introduced which required that every registered person should pass every year through a set of medical tests and should be observed by special physicians (e.g., general practitioner or local therapeutisc, oculist, surgeon, otolaryngologist, neuropathologist, etc. ).
For young people, the different system is provided, e.g., special child polyclinics with a local (e.g., responsible for all young habitants of a certain micro-district) paediatrist.
Of course, any woman (and specially pregnant one) is acompanied by medical care provided in special gynaecological polyclinics (so-called "women consutations").
One of indicators of the state medical system is so-called "medical card" (мелицинская карточка). A certain difference can be seen in the existence of special polyclinics, e.g., those for military officers, policemen, state security. Some large plants possess proper "medical parts" (мед-сан часть) and proper polyclinics.
It MUST be mentioned that all system of primary health care in ex-USSR and in now existing RF are based on _f_r_e_e_ health care. And if now some operations cannot be made without payment in view of impossibility for clinics to purchase necessary tools and remedies (drugs), all surgical operations which are related to the life of a citizen MUST be made without payment.
One can see the initial steps of Russian system of special medical polices (analog of medical insurance system in other countries) which should be taken into account by medical organizations as a sort of payment, but this yet is not developed in the whole Russian system of health care.
I was among editors of Russian edition of Steadman's Medical Dictionary some years ago. I should say that some Russian manuals for students of medical universities are better than respective books in USA (you might visit site of GEOTAR Pblishing House).
Most simple way to know better the situation is to visit some Russian sites (shame, but you cannot find site of ministry of health:()
About part in our budget dedicated to health see:
More details require greater knowledge of country and hige space for simple citing. Your question seems to be rather, say, primary:)
So, you might simply visit Russia and convince yourselves that the system of medical care here, including primary care, exists and works.
Local time: 15:32
Native speaker of: Russian, Tatar
PRO pts in pair: 1025