Serbian translation: emulgator

English term or phrase:emulsifier
Serbian translation:emulgator

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12:47 Jul 8, 2009
English to Serbian translations [PRO]
Medical - Cosmetics, Beauty
Additional field(s): Chemistry; Chem Sci/Eng
English term or phrase: emulsifier
Definition from ukhairdressers.com:
A thickening agent and/or binding agent added to products to change their physical composition (joins two or more ingredients together). For example, it can turn a lotion into a cream.

Example sentence(s):
  • Creams are made by pre-mixing all the materials forming the fat-phase, that is, the emulsifier, consistency agent (Cocoa or Shea butter) and vegetable oils. Pacific Institute of Aromatherapy
  • Any personal care product that contains both water based and oil based ingredients must also contain an emulsifier. It is the emulsifier that enables these two normally repellent ingredients to mix together to form a cream or lotion. Green People
  • The reason the fat does not float to the top immediately is due to the presence of emulsifiers; in this case, a milk protein called sodium caseinate as well as several phopholipids. Cosmetic Chemistry
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Emulgator-sredstvo za pravljenje emulzije.
Selected response from:

Natasa Djurovic
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Summary of translations provided
5 +1emulgator
Natasa Djurovic


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24 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +1

Definition from own experience or research:
Emulgator-sredstvo za pravljenje emulzije.

Example sentence(s):
  • Vrste emulgatora: A. PAM (tenzidi, surfaktanti) 1. Anjonski 1) alkalni sapuni – jednovalentni K+ + viša masna kiselina (Na-stearat, Na-oleat, Na-ricinolat). Daju emulzije tipa U/V 2) metalni sapuni – viševalentni K+ + masne kiseline (Ca-palmitat, Al-stearat). Daju emulzije tipa V/U 3) aminski sapuni – pr. TEA stearat. Daje emulziju tipa U/V. 4) estri sumporne kiseline – sumporna kiselina + masni alkohol, u obliku soli, najčešće Na (Na-laurilsulfat, Na-cetilsulfat, Na-stearilsulfat, Na-cetostearilsulfat). Daju emulzije tipa U/V. 2. Katjonski – retko se koriste kao emulgatori, više se koriste kao dezinfekciona sredstva (benzalkonijum hlorid) 3. Amfoterni – lecitin, želatin. Daju emulzije tipa U/V. Lecitin može da da i V/U emulziju, to zavisi od količinske zastupljenosti faza i načina izrade. 4. Nejonski 1) masni alkoholin (steroli, holesterol, laurilalkohol, stearilalkohol, cetilalkohol). Daju emulzije tipa V/U 2) parcijalni estri masnih kiselina i polihidroksilnih alkohola (gliceridi). Daju emulzije tipa V/U. 3) parcijalni estri masnih kiselina i sorbitana (sorbitan je anhidrovani oblik sterola) - SpanR. U PhJug V - sorbitani palmitas, oleas, stearas... Daju emulzije tipa V/U. 4) parcijalni estri masnih kiselina i polioxietilovanog sorbitana (polisorbati) – TweenR. U PhJugV – polysorbatum 20, 60, 80. Daju emulzije tipa U/V. 5. Mešoviti emulgatori – dobijaju se kombinacijom hidrofinlih (U/V) PAM - jonskih (Na-laurilsulfat, Na-cetostarilsulfat) ili nejonskih, i lipofilnih (V/U) PAM (cetostearil alkohol, masna kiselina, gliceril monostearat - Portal farmaceuta  
  • Ako se emulgator u emulziju doda u prevelikim količinama on više ne snižava površinsku napetost već njegove molekule stvaraju micele. Ta granična koncentracija naziva se kritična micelarna koncentracija. - Belupo  

Emulgatori se još nazivaju emulgirajuća sredstva.
Natasa Djurovic
Local time: 13:39
Native speaker of: Native in SerbianSerbian
PRO pts in category: 8

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  Milorad Jovanovic
3 days 4 hrs
  -> Hvala

Yes  Goran Tasic
11 days
  -> Hvala!

No  Mira Stepanovic: žao mi je Nataša, ali druga rečenica data kao primer je na HR jeziku (sa sajta na HR). / Da ali u 'explanation' polju a ne kao 'example sentence'.
11 days
  -> Nema problema Miro, ali vi ste rekli da je to moguce navesti, kada sam Vas nedavno pitala u kontekstu Vaseg odgovora! Shvatila sam gde je greska, a to i jeste cilj :)
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