23:30 Jul 31, 2009
This question was closed without grading. Reason: Answer found elsewhere

English to Spanish translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law: Patents, Trademarks, Copyright
English term or phrase: upstream/downstream
The terms appear in several cases:
"Under certain circumstances, small companies will likely be more adversely affected by upstream patents than will large companies or research institutions "
"Although this is an interesting example of upstream technology that has been made readily available to downstream users, the author believes that its applicability to other situations may be limited...."
Thank you!
Viviana Lemos
Local time: 23:23

Summary of answers provided
4desarollo y fabricación vs producto final
4upstream techn. = tecnología primaria / downstream users = usuarios finales
Cristina Heraud-van Tol

Discussion entries: 5



47 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
upstream techn. = tecnología primaria / downstream users = usuarios finales

Proz Glosspost:

Upstream en el contexto industrial se deja sin traducir, o se traduce como "aguas arriba" o "corriente arriba", pero puede varias según contexto.

upstream/downstream (contexto) = antes y arriba / después y abajo

upstream suppliers = proveedores primarios

upstream/downstream = datos recabados en la entrada y en la salida / al inicio y al final / en la etapa inicial y en la final

Cristina Heraud-van Tol
Local time: 22:23
Native speaker of: Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in category: 20
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)
The asker has declined this answer

53 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5

... ejemplo interesante de tecnologías nuevas (de punta) que se han hecho libremente disponibles para aquellos usuarios que carecen de ella...

Patentes que han sido concedidas y están en vías de ser explotadas, eso es "Upstream".

"Downstream" son las patentes en explotación y cuyos conocimientos, datos, mecanismos o bases tecnológicas son transferidos/vendidos/aplicados/alquilados/volcados al mercado que carece de los mismos.

Local time: 00:23
Native speaker of: Spanish
PRO pts in category: 40
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)
The asker has declined this answer

1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
desarollo y fabricación vs producto final

From the provider to the customer. Downloading files and Web pages from the Internet is the downstream side. The upstream is from the customer to the provider (requesting a Web page, sending e-mail, etc.). In cable TV, downstream signals are the network, movie and sports channels transmitted to the customer. However, if the cable provider offers video-on-demand or Internet access, the cable also has an upstream.

Not Symmetrical

Internet access speeds are typically not symmetrical, with the downstream rate being considerably faster than the upstream. The slower upstream prevents users from operating Web sites. For fast upstream Internet connections, the customer can sign a business-oriented service agreement, if available, or use specialized providers that accommodate datacenters and high-speed servers. See download.

Download Computer Desktop Encyclopedia to your iPhone/iTouch

Sponsored LinksEnviromental Monitoring
Turbidity, TMDL, Suspended Sediment Fire Weather, Globalstar, HDR GOES

Strategic Energy Advisors
PFC Energy - the recognized leader in global energy consulting

Investment Dictionary: Downstream
Top Home > Library > Business & Finance > Investment DictionaryThe oil and gas operations that take place after the production phase through to the point of sale.

Investopedia Says:
Most oil companies are known as being "integrated" because they combine upstream activities, which include exploration and production, with downstream operations.

Related Links:
In this feature, we take an in-depth look at the various techniques that determine the value and investment quality of companies from an industry perspective. Industry Handbook

Sponsored LinksAUC analysis service
Experience counts! Alliance Protein Labs, AUC expertise and innovation.

Hydraulic Data Logger
Hydraulic Data Acquisition Flow Pressure Temperature Speed

Financial & Investment Dictionary: Downstream
Top Home > Library > Business & Finance > Finance and Investment DictionaryFlow of corporate activity from parent to subsidiary. Financially, it usually refers to loans, since dividends and interest generally flow upstream. Term is also used by securities analysts, particularly oil analysts, meaning earnings or operations at or near the end-product stage. In an integrated oil company, for example, downstream would refer to the retail gas pump, upstream to exploration.

Note added at 1 hr (2009-08-01 01:15:38 GMT)


Local time: 21:23
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in category: 62
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)
The asker has declined this answer

Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs (or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.

KudoZ™ translation help

The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.

See also:

Your current localization setting


Select a language

Term search
  • All of
  • Term search
  • Jobs
  • Forums
  • Multiple search