upstream/downstream

23:30 Jul 31, 2009
This question was closed without grading. Reason: Answer found elsewhere

English to Spanish translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law: Patents, Trademarks, Copyright
English term or phrase: upstream/downstream
The terms appear in several cases:
"Under certain circumstances, small companies will likely be more adversely affected by upstream patents than will large companies or research institutions "
"Although this is an interesting example of upstream technology that has been made readily available to downstream users, the author believes that its applicability to other situations may be limited...."
Thank you!
Viviana Lemos
Local time: 23:23


Summary of answers provided
5Ver,
slothm
4desarollo y fabricación vs producto final
eski
4upstream techn. = tecnología primaria / downstream users = usuarios finales
Cristina Heraud-van Tol


Discussion entries: 5





  

Answers


47 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
upstream techn. = tecnología primaria / downstream users = usuarios finales


Explanation:
Proz Glosspost:

Upstream en el contexto industrial se deja sin traducir, o se traduce como "aguas arriba" o "corriente arriba", pero puede varias según contexto.

upstream/downstream (contexto) = antes y arriba / después y abajo

upstream suppliers = proveedores primarios

upstream/downstream = datos recabados en la entrada y en la salida / al inicio y al final / en la etapa inicial y en la final

Cristina Heraud-van Tol
Peru
Local time: 22:23
Native speaker of: Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in category: 20
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53 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
Ver,


Explanation:
... ejemplo interesante de tecnologías nuevas (de punta) que se han hecho libremente disponibles para aquellos usuarios que carecen de ella...

Patentes que han sido concedidas y están en vías de ser explotadas, eso es "Upstream".

"Downstream" son las patentes en explotación y cuyos conocimientos, datos, mecanismos o bases tecnológicas son transferidos/vendidos/aplicados/alquilados/volcados al mercado que carece de los mismos.

slothm
Local time: 00:23
Native speaker of: Spanish
PRO pts in category: 40
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1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
desarollo y fabricación vs producto final


Explanation:
From the provider to the customer. Downloading files and Web pages from the Internet is the downstream side. The upstream is from the customer to the provider (requesting a Web page, sending e-mail, etc.). In cable TV, downstream signals are the network, movie and sports channels transmitted to the customer. However, if the cable provider offers video-on-demand or Internet access, the cable also has an upstream.

Not Symmetrical

Internet access speeds are typically not symmetrical, with the downstream rate being considerably faster than the upstream. The slower upstream prevents users from operating Web sites. For fast upstream Internet connections, the customer can sign a business-oriented service agreement, if available, or use specialized providers that accommodate datacenters and high-speed servers. See download.


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Investment Dictionary: Downstream
Top Home > Library > Business & Finance > Investment DictionaryThe oil and gas operations that take place after the production phase through to the point of sale.

Investopedia Says:
Most oil companies are known as being "integrated" because they combine upstream activities, which include exploration and production, with downstream operations.

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Financial & Investment Dictionary: Downstream
Top Home > Library > Business & Finance > Finance and Investment DictionaryFlow of corporate activity from parent to subsidiary. Financially, it usually refers to loans, since dividends and interest generally flow upstream. Term is also used by securities analysts, particularly oil analysts, meaning earnings or operations at or near the end-product stage. In an integrated oil company, for example, downstream would refer to the retail gas pump, upstream to exploration.

http://www.answers.com/topic/downstream

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Note added at 1 hr (2009-08-01 01:15:38 GMT)
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Saludos
eski

eski
Mexico
Local time: 21:23
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in category: 62
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