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15:02 Jun 10, 2009
English to Ukrainian translations [PRO]
Science - Mathematics & Statistics
English term or phrase: bias
Definition from Bureau of Justice Assistance:
The extent to which a measurement, sampling, or analytic method systematically underestimates or overestimates the true value of an attribute. FOR EXAMPLE, words, sentence structure, attitudes, and mannerisms may unfairly influence a respondent's answer to a question. Bias in questionnaire data can stem from a variety of other factors, including choice of words, sentence structure, and the sequence of questions.

Example sentence(s):
  • Increasing the sample size tends to reduce the sampling error; that is, it makes the sample statistic less variable. However, increasing sample size does not affect survey bias. A large sample size cannot correct for the methodological problems (undercoverage, nonresponse bias, etc.) that produce survey bias.
  • If, for example, the purpose is measuring average household income and the households without a phone have lower average income than others, ignoring the nonphone group will lead to an upward bias of average household income in the population. Of course the size of the bias would probably be limited in this example, because the group of households without a phone connection is small.
  • The Internet is an attractive mode of data collection to survey researchers due to cost savings and timeliness in comparison with other modes. However, survey estimates are subject to coverage bias if sampled persons with Internet access are systematically different from those without Internet access who were excluded from the survey. European Survey Research Association
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Summary of translations provided
4 +1систематична помилка
Maksym Nevzorov

Discussion entries: 2


Translations offered

80 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
систематична помилка

Definition from В. Г. Городяненко Соці:
Систематичні помилки — помилки, які виникають внаслідок неправильних вихідних статистичних даних про параметри контрольних ознак генеральної сукупності, занадто малого обсягу вибірки, хибного застосування способу відбору одиниць аналізу тощо.

Example sentence(s):
  • На підставі проведених у роботі досліджень рекомендовано враховувати виявлену систематичну помилку за графіком. - Автореф. дис... д-ра тех  
Maksym Nevzorov
Local time: 13:37
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in category: 4

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  voloshinab: у наведеному прикладі систематично значить час від часу, періодично
63 days
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