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|English to English translations [PRO]|
Bus/Financial - Economics
|English term or phrase: Q for people familiar with Ukraine: "budget" in these sentences|
|I’m editing a labour market report on Ukraine, written by non-native speakers of English, and have few problems in general, considering the size of the job (70000 words), except for the way a few words are used and a few difficult-to-understand sentences. There are also a few broader concepts that are mentioned in passing that I need to check with people familiar with Ukraine culture and systems.|
I will obviously post each issue separately and thank the Ukraine community in advance for their help:-)
The third query is about “budget”, as used in these sentences below. It seems to mean “public”: is that a correct interpretation? But what is a “budget student”?
The State Statistical Establishment Survey is a firm-level census-type survey. It is mandatory and covers all registered economically active enterprises, financial and ***budgetary institutions and public organisations. As far as labour statistics are concerned, it gives information on the extent of wage employment and its dynamics over time, the average wage, amount and incidence of wage arrears, underemployment (both involuntary and voluntary), efficiency of the working time use, on-the-job training (including retraining and skill upgrading), extent of the collective bargaining process and the structure of the stock of employees according to qualitative characteristics. In general, there are five different statistical forms referring to labour issues which must be completed regularly by all predefined legal entities
State ownership still predominates in forestry (88.4% of the mean listed number of employees), support and auxiliary transport activities (82.1%), research and development (81.6%), public administration (74%), water transport (64.8%), and mining and quarrying of energy producing materials (65.1%). In addition, due to high incidence of municipal ownership, the share of the private sector is extremely low in traditionally public (***budget) sectors as education (2.6% of the mean listed number of employees), health and social work (4%) and recreational, cultural and sporting activities (15%).
The position of Ukrainian women in the labour market seems to be better compared to men because of the faster growth in typically female-dominated industries and sectors such as trade, hotels and restaurants, individual services, food processing, light industry and subsistence agriculture, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, due to very stable employment in ***budget sectors with a traditionally high share of female employment, in particular, education, healthcare, social assistance, culture and public administration. In addition, Ukrainian women tend to be less demanding than men with respect to wages and job characteristics.
According to the official statistics, students from special-treatment groups—such as Chernobyl victims and rural youth enrolled according to special quotas set for rural populations—alone represented 5% of enrolment to higher educational establishments in 2007. Their number also exceeds 13% of first-year “***budget students”.
|English translation:public education|
Budget-funded education means 'public', you are right; the state provides funds for such kind of education. “Budget student” means that the student him/herself does not pay anything for his/her education, in other words, education does not cost him/her anything
Selected response from:
Local time: 05:17
|Thanks everybody:-) Sorry for delay, I had computer problems.|
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer
20 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +6