Court of Exchequer

09:45 Jan 3, 2019
English language (monolingual) [Non-PRO]
Bus/Financial - Government / Politics
English term or phrase: Court of Exchequer
I am looking for an explanation of this term, as different sources give different definitions. They often mix Ministry of Treasure with Ministry of Finances.
Malgorzata


SUMMARY OF ALL EXPLANATIONS PROVIDED
5Court that dealt with matters of revenue; taxation etc.
Charlesp
3A law court to consider alleged revenues, debts and duties of the Crown.
Taña Dalglish
Summary of reference entries provided
Refs.
Taña Dalglish

Discussion entries: 1





  

Answers


10 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
court of exchequer
A law court to consider alleged revenues, debts and duties of the Crown.


Explanation:
See references.

Taña Dalglish
Jamaica
Local time: 00:38
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 4
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19 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
Court that dealt with matters of revenue; taxation etc.


Explanation:
Court that dealt with matters of revenue; taxation etc.

Charlesp
Sweden
Local time: 06:38
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: English
PRO pts in category: 12
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Reference comments


1 hr peer agreement (net): +2
Reference: Refs.

Reference information:
Court of Exchequer Definition: A law court to consider alleged revenues, debts and duties of the Crown. Related Terms: Exchequer, Scaccarium, Common Pleas, King's Bench, Queen's Bench. The Court of Exchequer dealt with matters of revenue; taxation and the like.
http://www.duhaime.org/LegalDictionary/C/CourtofExchequer.as...

https://thelawdictionary.org/court-of-exchequer/
What is COURT OF EXCHEQUER?
In English law. A very ancient court of record, set up by William the Conqueror as a part of the aula regis, and afterwards one of the four superior courts at Westminster, it was, however, inferior in rank to both the king’s bench and the common pleas. It was presided over by a chief buroii and four puisne barons. It was originally the king’s treasury, and was charged with keeping the king’s accounts and collecting the royal revenues. But pleas between subject and subject were anciently heard there, until this was forbidden by the Articula super (J hart as, (1290,) after which its jurisdiction as a court only extended to revenue cases arising out of the non-payment or withholding of debts to the crown. But the privilege of suing and being sued in this court was extended to the king’s accountants, and later, by the use of a convenient fiction to the effect that the plaintiff was the king’s debtor or accountant, the court was thrown open to all suitors in personal actions. The exchequer had formerly both an equity side and a common-law side, but its equity jurisdiction was taken away by the statute 5 Vict. c. 5, (1842,) and transferred to the court of chancery. The judicature act (1873) transferred the business and jurisdiction of this court to the “Exchequer Division” of the “High Court of Justice.” In Scotch law. A court which formerly had jurisdiction of matters of revenue, and a limited jurisdiction over cases between the crown and its vassals where no questions of title were involved.

Taña Dalglish
Jamaica
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 4

Peer comments on this reference comment (and responses from the reference poster)
agree  B D Finch
5 hrs
  -> Thank you. Happy New Year.
agree  Daryo
8 hrs
  -> Thank you and HNY.
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