English translation: Present Perfect (Passive voice) / Past Indefinite (Passive voice)
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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
English term or phrase:
has been damaged or was damaged?
Present Perfect (Passive voice) / Past Indefinite (Passive voice)
this is usually new information: (While cooking) Ow! I've burnt my hand. / The road has been closed. There's been an accident. / (from the news) Police have arrested three men in connection with the murder.
And another: When we use the present perfect, there is a connection with now. The action in the past has a result now:
Where's the ring I gave you last night? 'I've lost it.' (= I don't have it now)
Is the project manager here? 'No, he's gone out.' (= he is out now)
I can't find find the client's business card. Have you seen it? (=Do you know where it is now?)
Automatic update in 00:
45 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +6
depends on context
Explanation: The past simple refers to some moment in the past and should be used with a past expression of time. The cable could have been repaired in the meantime.
The present perfect would mean that the damage refers to the present moment. The cable is still damaged.
You should have given some more context.