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|English to English translations [PRO]|
Social Sciences - Linguistics
|English term or phrase: Usage of this(these) and that(those)|
|Usually when we refer something(s) described in previous text, we use that(those). By referring to something(s) described in the text followed , we use this(these).|
Following is an example. Some people think that "these" in the text refers to "content based attacks". What's your opinion?
Most people are aware of content based attacks being spread through e-mails as contaminated attachments. Most often there are ¡°human engineering¡± elements to these, as the virus sends e-mails to everybody in the victims¡¯ address book¡ªthe result being that the recipient trusts the sender, and by doing so receives and spreads the infection.
|It depends on the sense and the context|
An interesting example of 'these' used once to refer to following items and once to refer to prior items, in the same paragraph, can be found in the Declaration of Independence of the US:
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable [inalienable] Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed...."
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Local time: 08:47
|Thanks. Your answer, especially your added note, answered my question.|
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