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|English to English translations [PRO]|
Medical - Medical (general) / Esophageal achalasia
|English term or phrase: pathology/disease|
Could you help me with the phrase?
Which is better "pathology" or "disease" according to the context?
Esophageal achalasia might be a part of a more general *pathology/disease*, like the Allgrove (triple-A) syndrome which is comprised of alacrima, adrenal insufficiency, and achalasia.
Thank you in advance!
|English translation:pathology or pathophysiology|
I realize that you asked for the best choice of usage between pathology, and disease. Initially I agreed with 'disease', as Esophageal achalasia is often referred to as a disease . . . but in the context given, I feel that the correct word choice would be "pathology, or possibly "pathophysiology".
From an article "Pathophysiology of achalasia" by Ikuo Hiran, M.D. (reference 1):
"Recent advances have provided insights into the genetic basis and pathogenesis of a growing number of secondary forms of achalasia. Examples of such secondary disorders include Allgrove’s syndrome, autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B."
While 'pathology', broadly speaking, is the study of disease. Pathology has been defined as "that branch of medicine which treats of the essential nature of disease."
'Pathophysiology' looks at the detailed malfunctioning that comes from or - alternately - causes disease. Or, deranged function in an individual or an organ that is due to a disease.
From reference 2:
"Achalasia may be secondary to a wide range of secondary disorders including genetic syndromes, infectious diseases, neoplasm, and chronic inflammatory conditions.
Autoimmune, neurodegenerative, and viral etiologies have been implicated in the pathogenesis of achalasia. However, the exact cause has yet to be elucidated."
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Local time: 17:43
|Thank you, debrite!|
You see why I had a doubt...
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer
1 hr confidence: peer agreement (net): +7