Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.
You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs (or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.
20:49 Oct 7, 2013
English to English translations [PRO] Medical - Medical: Instruments
English term or phrase:harm causing injuries
"Hazard which leads to harm that can cause injuries or death."
Does harm cause injuries or does harm involve injuries? Is the above phrase logically correct?
I was asked to proofread an instructions manual and the translator decided to translate the above phrase simply with "Hazard that can cause bodily harm or death" (my back-translation). I understand his/her decision, though I know that the source phrase could have been translated in Romanian precisely as it is phrased in English. I think that the translator felt that there is a logical error in saying that "harm causes injury", which I can agree with to some extent. However, because I feel that the translator should have preserved the source text phrasing/wording -- that's what I would have done in the first place -- I decided to ask for additional opinions on this just to make sure.
Is it logically correct to say that "harm causes injury". Why didn't the English writer simply say: "Hazard which leads to injuries or death"?
That is a good explanation. A hazard is a risk, not a certainty. However, the source text is very poorly phrased and it might be better as e.g. Hazard resulting in damage that can cause injury or death. "Harm" is very general and can be physical harm to persons or objects, or emotional, financial or mental harm to persons. It does seem that the writer of the source text means "damage" (to objects), rather than "harm" but it is also possible that there was a degree of confusion about what they meant.
Re the Asker's question "Does harm cause injuries or does harm involve injuries?", injuries and death are both harm. Lightning may strike a tree that falls on and kills a person. Both the tree and the person suffered harm.