English translation: gate is usually outside (location is important)
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gate - opening for passage in enclosing wall, fence or barrier; a swinging or sliding barrier to fill or close a gateway
door - movable piece of firm material supported along one side and swinging on pivots or hinges, (sliding along a grove, revolving or folding), by means of which an opening may be closed or kept open for passage into or out of a building or room
has nothing to do with size - see below:
The front side of the small gate shows how the gate is recessed into the fence,
Assembly Instructions for the Small Gate from "Good Idea!" ® Gates. ... www.gateframe.com/smallgate/smallgt2.htm
Explanation: A door is smaller than a gate. A door is commonly used for doors of houses. Gates are big entrances as for a castle, a city, usually large wooden doors hinged for closing an opening in a wall, a fence, etc