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|English to English translations [Non-PRO]|
|English term or phrase: shrimp/prawn|
|What's the difference between a shrimp and a prawn.|
|English translation:Good question!|
I hope you find the explanations below of some use.
What are prawns?
* They are small 'crustaceans' (like crabs and lobsters) found in both marine and fresh water environments around the world. Two main groups of prawn are produced commercially: small 'caridean' prawns (from tropical and temperate waters) and larger 'penaeid' prawns (from tropical and subtropical waters).
What's the difference between a prawn and a shrimp?
* The distinction between prawns and shrimps can be confusing. In some countries the bigger penaeid species are referred to as 'prawns' and smaller carideans as 'shrimp'. In other parts of the world (such as some areas of the USA), this differentiation is the other way around. As many people use the words shrimp and prawn interchangeably, EJF makes no distinction between the two.
Shrimp or Prawn?
There is often confusion regarding the difference between a shrimp and a prawn. Physically they look very similar but there is one sure way to tell them apart. In shrimps or carideans the side plate of the second segment of the abdomen overlaps the segments in front and behind. Prawns, most of which belong to the family Penaeidae of the group Dendrobranchiata, have all the abdominal side plates overlapping tile-like from the front. A more fundamental difference but one impossible to appreciate in a single specimen is that female prawns do not brood eggs but shed them into the currents where they develop independently. It would therefore make sense to call all member s of the Penaeidae "prawns" and members of the Caridean "shrimps" and this is what most Australians do. King prawns and banana prawns are names understood in this continent for penaeids sold frozen at the markets. The tiny shrimps bought in cans or froz en are imported carideans. Confusion arises when we hear Americans refer to prawns as "shrimp".
So what's the difference between shrimp and prawns? Mainly a linguistic one. A United Nation's catalogue explains:
...in Great Britain the term "shrimp" is the more general of the two, and is the only term used for Crangonidae and most smaller species. "Prawn" is the more special of the two names, being used solely for Palaemondiae and larger forms, never for the very small ones.
In North America the name "prawn" is practically obsolete and is almost entirely replaced by the word "shrimp" (used for even the largest species, which may be called "jumbo shrimp"). If the word "prawn" is used at all in America it is attached to small species.
Note added at 12 mins (2003-07-07 18:49:41 GMT)
The difference between a prawn and a shrimp is, according to Victor Gordon in Prawnography, merely one of size. \'There are hundred of different species of prawns Decapoda natantia, most of them too small for human consumption, too rare, or too hard to extract from their deep sea retreats. However, some 340 species are reckoned by the Food and Agriculture Organisation to have commercial potential......edible Decapoda natantia range in length from under one inch to over one foot. The smallest, those up to, say, three inches long, are called shrimps in England.......For culinary purposes, prawns can be divided into three catagories - small (shrimps), medium and large. This is puerile taxonomy but pratical gastronomy\'.
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|Thank you very much Sheila.|
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