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plural of "appendix"

English translation: appendices / appendixes

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
English term or phrase:plural of "appendix"
English translation:appendices / appendixes
Entered by: Marta Argat
Options:
- Contribute to this entry
- Include in personal glossary

20:23 Dec 20, 2003
English to English translations [PRO]
Science
English term or phrase: plural of "appendix"
An editor of an American scientific journal has changed "appendices" to "appendixes". Is this OK?
Thank you very much in advance.
Marta Argat
Local time: 18:23
appendices / appendixes
Explanation:
appendices / appendixes

Both plurals are acceptable: appendices and appendixes. Appendices is probably the most widely used, but appendixes is growing in use because it follows the general rule for making a word plural.

"Forming proper plurals of medical words can be one of the more challenging aspects of medical transcription. The problem is exacerbated by the fact that even dictating physicians frequently have difficulty with plurals. They cannot always be counted on to dictate the correct plural form. This pushes the burden of identifying and transcribing the proper plural straight back on the transcriptionist. The good news is that plurals generally follow some basic rules. Once you have mastered these rules, you will be able to quickly form proper plurals for most medical terms that you encounter. The bad news is that for every rule there is an exception. This means that you will also need to memorize (or look up) these exceptions. With practice you will become very familiar with all common plurals."

See chart at http://www.mtworld.com/tools_resources/medical_plurals.html
to provide basic rules of thumb for forming plurals. But remember that there are exceptions to most of these rules!

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 2003-12-20 21:28:26 (GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

A useful list of exceptions from the above-mentioned site:

10 Common Exceptions to Basic Plural Rules:

1. Sometimes the proper plural of a word ending in is will be formed by dropping the is and adding ides. For example, epididymis becomes epididymides.

2. Sometimes the proper plural of a word ending in us will be formed by dropping the us and adding era or ora. For example: viscus becomes viscera; corpus becomes corpora.

3. Some words ending in ix or ax have more than one acceptable plural form. For example: The plural of appendix can be either appendices or appendixes - although the most common plural form would utilize the ices ending.

4. The proper plural for certain words ending in ion can be formed simply by adding an s. For example: chorion becomes chorions.

5. The plural form of the term vas is vasa.

6. The plural form of pons is pontes.

7. The plural form of the dual meaning word os is ora when referring to \"mouths\" and ossa when referring to \"bones\".

8. The plural form of the term femur is femora.

9. The plural form of cornu is cornua.

10. The plural form of paries is parietes.
Selected response from:

Ildiko Santana
United States
Local time: 08:23
Grading comment
Many thanks to all Proz proposing your answers and discussing ;) this question! I give points to the most detailed explanation.

4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
4 +12apparently yesntext
5 +5apendices/appendixesJohn Peterson
5 +3BOTH
Tony M
5 +1appendices / appendixes
Ildiko Santana


  

Answers


2 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +12
plural of
apparently yes


Explanation:
Main Entry: ap·pen·dix
Pronunciation: &-'pen-diks
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural -dix·es or ap·pen·di·ces /-d&-"sEz/
Etymology: Latin appendic-, appendix, from appendere


ntext
United States
Local time: 10:23
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in GermanGerman
PRO pts in pair: 379

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Maria Danielson: I would have said no (and am American) until I consulted NODE
3 mins

agree  Gilberto Lacchia: In PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/) you may find 777 references with "APPENDICES" and only 106 with "APPENDIXES"
3 mins

agree  Armorel Young: I too would prefer appendices, but the alternative is clearly also "correct"
42 mins

agree  Kim Metzger: In the US, The Chicago Manual of Style is the most respected authority on usage/style and they use 'appendixes.'
56 mins

agree  Iolanta Vlaykova Paneva
1 hr

agree  Empty Whiskey Glass
1 hr

neutral  Ildiko Santana: I've only used ProZ for 2 years, but been under the impression that we're supposed to give our answer to the question in bold, which in this case is "plural of "appendix". So "apparently yes" is technically not an appropriate answer.
2 hrs

agree  aris harianta
2 hrs

agree  Jolanta Schimenti
7 hrs

agree  donovan983
15 hrs

agree  Mario Marcolin
20 hrs

agree  Amy Williams
20 hrs

agree  mbc: same as Maria Danielson
1 day 14 hrs
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

5 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +5
apendices/appendixes


Explanation:
Chambers Dictionary gives both as the plural. Your editor's choice may reflect the journal's house style.

John Peterson
Local time: 16:23
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
neutral  xxxLia Fail: appendices is considered a 'traditional' plural, appendixes a more modern plural, here undoubtedly a house style question
19 mins

agree  Ildiko Santana: I agree with both the suggested forms and that it is up to the editor of the particular journal's house style.
44 mins

agree  Kim Metzger: Appendices. Yes, house style rules. The American journal may well be relying on The Chicago Manual of Style.
55 mins

agree  Empty Whiskey Glass
1 hr

agree  Amy Williams
20 hrs

agree  mbc
1 day 14 hrs
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +1
appendices / appendixes


Explanation:
appendices / appendixes

Both plurals are acceptable: appendices and appendixes. Appendices is probably the most widely used, but appendixes is growing in use because it follows the general rule for making a word plural.

"Forming proper plurals of medical words can be one of the more challenging aspects of medical transcription. The problem is exacerbated by the fact that even dictating physicians frequently have difficulty with plurals. They cannot always be counted on to dictate the correct plural form. This pushes the burden of identifying and transcribing the proper plural straight back on the transcriptionist. The good news is that plurals generally follow some basic rules. Once you have mastered these rules, you will be able to quickly form proper plurals for most medical terms that you encounter. The bad news is that for every rule there is an exception. This means that you will also need to memorize (or look up) these exceptions. With practice you will become very familiar with all common plurals."

See chart at http://www.mtworld.com/tools_resources/medical_plurals.html
to provide basic rules of thumb for forming plurals. But remember that there are exceptions to most of these rules!

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 2003-12-20 21:28:26 (GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

A useful list of exceptions from the above-mentioned site:

10 Common Exceptions to Basic Plural Rules:

1. Sometimes the proper plural of a word ending in is will be formed by dropping the is and adding ides. For example, epididymis becomes epididymides.

2. Sometimes the proper plural of a word ending in us will be formed by dropping the us and adding era or ora. For example: viscus becomes viscera; corpus becomes corpora.

3. Some words ending in ix or ax have more than one acceptable plural form. For example: The plural of appendix can be either appendices or appendixes - although the most common plural form would utilize the ices ending.

4. The proper plural for certain words ending in ion can be formed simply by adding an s. For example: chorion becomes chorions.

5. The plural form of the term vas is vasa.

6. The plural form of pons is pontes.

7. The plural form of the dual meaning word os is ora when referring to \"mouths\" and ossa when referring to \"bones\".

8. The plural form of the term femur is femora.

9. The plural form of cornu is cornua.

10. The plural form of paries is parietes.

Ildiko Santana
United States
Local time: 08:23
Native speaker of: Native in HungarianHungarian, Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 162
Grading comment
Many thanks to all Proz proposing your answers and discussing ;) this question! I give points to the most detailed explanation.

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
neutral  Kim Metzger: Great info, Ildiko, but the asker's question is: "An editor of an American scientific journal has changed "appendices" to "appendixes". Is this OK?" - Answer: yes
6 mins
  ->  I've only used ProZ for 2 years, but been under the impression that we're supposed to give our answer to the question in bold; in this case "plural of appendix". So "apparently yes" is technically not an appropriate answer -- "appendices/appendixes" IS.

neutral  cologne: sorry but don't you think both John and Norbert deserve an 'agree'?
12 hrs

agree  Martinique: Thanks for the very helpful reference :)
14 hrs
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +3
plural of
BOTH


Explanation:
New Shorter OED [UK] gives appendices first, -ixes second, and their usage reference seems to prefer -ices.

Clearly a UK perspective...

Tony M
France
Local time: 17:23
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 3261

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
disagree  R. A. Stegemann: If this were a criticism coming from Tony Blair about George Bush's handling of Iraq, your comment would be appropriate. Otherwise, I fail to understand its relevance in the context given.
4 hrs
  -> Pardon me? What on EARTH are you talking about? I simply sought to add another reference from the world-respected OED, whilst clearly indicating that it was a UK perspective. What did you THINK I meant?

agree  Kim Metzger: Well, I can appreciate an explanation showing that even the OED does not absolutely reject -ixes.
5 hrs
  -> Thanks, Kim! Sanity rules...

agree  John Peterson: I think that this contribution is perfectly valid; it gives the asker another perspective. As for Bush & Blair, both could do with a good English dictionary - OED or otherwise!
13 hrs
  -> Thanks a lot John! I appreciate your comment & support

agree  Mario Marcolin: Probably they may assume different functions in the future: http://www2.premiers.qld.gov.au/governingqld/policy/appendic... has appendix/appendices BUT Appendixes in ..</span> <span id="peer_comment_1825880"></span></span></td><td align="right" bgcolor=#f9f2ae nowrap><table><tr><td><span style="color:blue;" class="med1">19 hrs</span></td></tr></table></td></tr> <tr><td colspan=4><span style="color:#5F5F5F;" class="med1" id="peer_comment_reply_1825880">  -> Thanks, Mario --- I feel sure the 'traditional' plural may eventually die out, and already OED gives different uses for 'indexes' and 'indices'</span></td></tr><table width="100%" class="clear"><tr><td colspan="4"><div style="padding:3px;"><hr/></div></td></tr><tr ><td valign="top" width="70px" nowrap="true" ><span style="color:blue;" class="med1"><b><span id="peer_comment_agreement_1825906">agree</span></b></font> </td><td width="500px" colspan="1"><span class="med1"> <a href="/profile/43584">Amy Williams</a>: <span id="peer_comment_1825906">Some people worry me!</span> <span id="peer_comment_1825906"></span></span></td><td align="right" bgcolor=#f9f2ae nowrap><table><tr><td><span style="color:blue;" class="med1">19 hrs</span></td></tr></table></td></tr> <tr><td colspan=4><span style="color:#5F5F5F;" class="med1" id="peer_comment_reply_1825906">  -> Thanks Amy! Me too! :-)</span></td></tr></form></table></div><tr bgcolor=""><td colspan="3" align="center"><span class="med1"><a rel="nofollow" href="/kudoz/598889?login=y">Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)</a></span></td></tr></table></div></div><br/><br><br> <br><b><a href="/kudoz/?restore_search_settings=1">Return to KudoZ list</a></b><br> </font> </td> </tr> </table> <script type="text/javascript"> var helpterm_id = "598889"; var eid_v = "0"; var msg_disagree = "disagree"; var msg_agree = "agree"; var msg_neutral = "neutral"; var font_size_kudoz = "2"; var is_glossary_type = ""; </script> <div id="lgn_frm_hid" style="display:none;"> <table class="pop_dialog_table"> <tr> <td class="pop_topleft"></td> <td class="pop_top"></td> <td class="pop_topright"></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="pop_side"></td> <td> <div class="bg"> <div class="close" onClick="$('#lgn_frm_hid').hide();">X</div><div style="clear:both;"></div> <div class="pd"> <div style="color:#2f2f2f;"><b>Sign in to your ProZ.com account...</b></div> <form action="https://www.proz.com/kudoz/english/science/598889-plural_of_%22appendix%22.html" method="post" name="frmLogin"> <div style="padding-bottom:5px;">Username:<br><input type=text name="vars[proz_username]" value=""></div> Password:<br><input type=password name="vars[proz_password]"> <div style="padding-top:6px;"><input type=submit name="vars[login_attempt]" value="Login" class="formtext"></div> </form> <div class="pd_top"><a href="/?sp=new_password" target="_blank">Forgot your password?</a></div> <br> <div style="color:#2f2f2f;"><b>Or <a id="lgn_frm_reg_url" href="/register">create a new account</a></b></div> </div> </div> </td> <td class="pop_side"></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="pop_bottomleft"></td> <td class="pop_bottom"></td> <td class="pop_bottomright"></td> </tr> </table> </div> <div id="feedback-popup" class="popup-dialogue" style="display:none;"> <table class="pop_dialog_table"> <tr> <td class="pop_topleft"></td> <td class="pop_top"></td> <td class="pop_topright"></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="pop_side"></td> <td> <div class="bg"> <div class="close" onClick="$('#feedback-popup').hide();"><b>X</b></div><div style="clear:both;"></div> <div class="pd"> <div style="margin-bottom:2px;">ProZ.com ideas</div>(Powered by <a href="http://www.uservoice.com" target="_blank">UserVoice</a>)<br><br><br><table border="0"><tr><td width="31%" valign="top"><div style="border: 1px solid #EFEFEF; 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