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08:19 Jun 23, 2005
English to English translations [PRO] Science - Science (general) / statistics, demography
English term or phrase:excess (synonym needed)
"The recent [study] shows that male excess in the annual probability of dying decreases with age."
Taken from a diploma thesis in the field of demography, covering the subject of mortality among centenarians. The author is German and he uses this word "excess" in similar examples, and a little voice in the back of my head tells me it is wrong, but can't find a better alternative.
The meaning of the sentence is that males have a higher mortality than females but that the difference between the two is less at higher ages.
Imagine a graph, the red line for males, blue for females, X-axis age, Y-axis mortality, the red line is higher than the blue one for the whole graph, but at higher ages it is NOT MUCH higher than the blue one .....
Explanation: I can't actually think of a concise way of saying this, except by saying "the difference between males and females in the annual probability of dying" - which of course doesn't explicitly say that males exceed females, so if that point isn't already clear from the general tenor of the text you might need to say "the difference between males and females in the annual probability of dying - with males being consistently more likely to succumb - decreases ...."
Armorel Young Local time: 11:51 Native speaker of: English PRO pts in category: 12
Explanation: “Male preponderance” may be a good alternative.
There was a male preponderence among the affected individuals (P < 0.001).
The interesting observations of the study were the occurrence of occult filarial ... www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve& db=PubMed&list_uids=11785453&dopt=Abstract - Similar pages
Elizabeth Rudin United Kingdom Local time: 11:51 Native speaker of: Hungarian, Romanian