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13:18 Aug 6, 2001
English to Afrikaans translations [Non-PRO]
English term or phrase:Strength of Cotton
Strength of a fiber is indicated by the ability to resist being pulled or torn apart when subjected to stress or tension. Cotton fiber is relatively strong due to the intrinsic structure of layers of criss-crossed, minute, spiraled fibrils that compose the fiber cell. Strength is also determined by the character of the cotton yarns, which should be of long staple and tightly twisted. Compact construction, represented by high thread count, helps a fabric keep its shape and give longer wear. A sample of the fabric may be tested for strength by holding it in both hands and pressing down firmly with the thumbs while pulling. If the cloth gives easily, it will not stand the strain of wear. Strength can be substantially improved by mercerizing or ammoniating.
Resilience refers to the extent to which a fabric can be deformed by compression or crushing and return to its original condition. The tendency of cotton fabrics to wrinkle easily may be offset by finishing processes that give a wrinkle-resistant quality.
Drapability: The ability of a fabric to hang easily and fall into graceful shape and folds indicates its drapability. The characteristic is dependent upon the kind of fiber, yarn, and construction of the fabric as well as finish given to it. Cotton does not intrinsically have the body and suppleness required for good drapability. However, the nature and compactness of the fabric construction can improve it. This can be enhanced further by sizing and other finishes.
Cleanliness and Washability: Although cotton attracts dirt particles because of its roughness, this disadvantage is offset by the washability of the fiber. Cotton fabrics are not injured even in very hot water with strong soaps or detergents; they launder well and withstand rough handling.