shoulder

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13:26 Mar 11, 2018
English to Bulgarian translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering - Construction / Civil Engineering
English term or phrase: shoulder
Working near tracks/rails
Prior to the start of work—including short-term work or work of brief duration—at or near tracks or
rails, the operator (operations manager of local rail/train lines) must be informed by the
coordinator/plant management and must approve the proposed work before such work can proceed.
After approval by the operator, the necessary safety measures (e. g.: watchpersons) must be
implemented.
The SC must inform any personnel or associated workers of the safety measures prior to the start of
work.
Areas near the tracks may be used to store building materials or assemble scaffolding only if the
minimum clearance outline or maneuvering areas are not obstructed. Details must be decided in
consultation with the rail/train operator.
Work on or near rails/tracks, and particularly pits or holes, must be secured in such a way that rail
and train personnel are not exposed to hazards, even in conditions of low visibility.
Anchor points, tethering points, or similar constructions may never be connected to rails or
shoulders.
In electric welding, the ground cable may never be connected to the rails under any circumstances.
If tracks or rails must be crossed by vehicles at points other than established train crossings, this
must be cleared with the operator and the relevant plant management/coordinator prior
to the start of work.
Where low visibility means that the safety of personnel cannot be ensured (e. g.: darkness, fog,
snow), the CA must either close down the rail section (in consultation with the operator) or
immediately order all work stopped.
IvanovaBibi
Bulgaria
Local time: 04:26


Summary of answers provided
3крампон
Christo Metschkaroff
3затягащи планки/скоби
Nelly Keavney
2баластово легло
Denis Shepelev


Discussion entries: 2





  

Answers


23 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 2/5Answerer confidence 2/5
баластово легло


Explanation:
Така си го представям, но не съм сигурен.

http://uacg.bg/filebank/att_4071.pdf

Denis Shepelev
Bulgaria
Local time: 04:26
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in BulgarianBulgarian, Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in category: 12
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4 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
shoulders
затягащи планки/скоби


Explanation:
A rail shoulder is a pre-inserted item in the concrete sleepers, no matter for single stem type or twin stem type, used to fix the elastic rail clips, mainly e-clips, within the fastening system. We are capable of producing two types of rail shoulders for rail clips: cast in shoulder and weld-on shoulder.



    Reference: http://www.railway-fasteners.com/rail-shoulders.html
Nelly Keavney
United Kingdom
Local time: 02:26
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in BulgarianBulgarian, Native in EnglishEnglish
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6 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
крампон


Explanation:
Rail shoulder - крампон -
Моля вж. в: http://www.rail-fastener.com/Rail-Shoulder.html

Крампони може да се поставят предварително в траверсата (ако е от бетон), нщ като "закладна част", а след това по/с/посредством тях релсата се закрепва /свързва към/с траверсата.

Shoulder - банкет, срв. в: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/shoulder

IMHO - "крепежен елемент" е мн общо и неточно; по-разбираемо би било "закрепващ / свързващ елемент"....

Френското "крампон" (англ. rail spike, screw spike, track spike) е преведено буквално като https://slovored.com/search/polytechnical/крампон за укрепба...

От худож. литература за крампон - https://books.google.bg/books?id=e4xS-PoJZUoC&pg=PA628&lpg=P... - стр. 628
...... ;-)


    https://dict.leo.org/franz%C3%B6sisch-deutsch/crampon
Christo Metschkaroff
Bulgaria
Local time: 04:26
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in BulgarianBulgarian
PRO pts in category: 80
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