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Explanation: In most cases, “汉语”is the right word to choose although these two words are interchangeable in some situations.
“汉语” refers to the Chinese language as a whole including the spoken language and the written literature and character set.
“中文”refers to mainly the written language.
In mentioning spoken language, we use the words “汉语”or“中国话”, or “国语”(mandarin)“粤语”(Cantonese) to specify the dialects.
Xiaoping Fu Canada Local time: 20:40 Native speaker of: Chinese PRO pts in pair: 2566