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08:16 Mar 26, 2007
This question was closed without grading. Reason: Answer found elsewhere
English to Croatian translations [PRO] Medical - Psychology / PTSP
English term or phrase:mastery
Mandler (1982) also discussed the role of cognitive processes and the sense of personal control in stress reactions. Mandler's cognitive definition of stress holds that psychological (cognitive) interpretive mechanisms and threat evaluations determine the stress value of an external event or situation. This concept is known as mastery, which is defined as the thought or perception that things in an individual's environment can be brought under his or her control. Mastery is similar to secondary appraisal in Lazarus's (1966) model. Mandler (1982) wrote, "Without doubt, the sense of mastery in many cases reduces the deleterious effects of stress and alleviates the subjective sense of emotional disturbance" (p. 41).