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wire stem

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11:53 Nov 7, 2013
This question was closed without grading. Reason: No acceptable answer

English to Dutch translations [PRO]
Agriculture / ziekten in rode bieten
English term or phrase: wire stem
Rhizoctonia solani is capable of causing damping-off, wire stem, and malformed fleshy roots with external or internal rot symptoms.
Ghislaine Giebels
Netherlands
Local time: 14:33
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Summary of reference entries provided
"omvalziekte" bij oudere planten
Koen Speetjens
Barend van Zadelhoff

Discussion entries: 14





  

Reference comments


23 mins peer agreement (net): +1
Reference: "omvalziekte" bij oudere planten

Reference information:
Niet zeker of dit een Nederlandse naam heeft.

Ref. 1: "De schimmel staat ook wel bekend als ´omvalziekte´ (damping off) hetgeen veroorzaakt wordt door afsterving van de stengel op de grens van grond en lucht, onder koude en natte omstandigheden. "

"Bij aantasting van oudere gewassen blijven de symptomen beperkt tot langwerpige, bruinrode lesies. Deze lesies groeien uit tot rondom de stengel en knijpen deze af. Daardoor kan de plant afsterven of de stengel kan bruinzwart verkleuren en buigen of draaien zonder te breken. Dit heet ook wel ´wire stem´"

Ref.2: Rhizoctonia solani "is also responsible for black scurf and stem and stolon canker in potatoes and wire stem, a disease of cabbage, cauliflower and related plants that is similar to damping off but attacks older seedlings and produces a constricted, wiry stem. "


    Reference: http://www.relabdenhaan.com/UserData/Documents/ADB7382830CC4...
    Reference: http://gardener.wikia.com/wiki/Rhizoctonia_solani
Koen Speetjens
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in DutchDutch
PRO pts in category: 4

Peer comments on this reference comment (and responses from the reference poster)
agree  Maart3n
2 hrs
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17 hrs
Reference

Reference information:
4.2.3.2 Damping-off

Damping-off is a common disease of both germinating seeds and young seedlings. Several fungi can cause this disease, including Rhizoctonia solani, Pythium spp., Phytophthora spp., Sclerotinia spp., and Fusarium spp.
Most of these fungi can also cause root rot (See Section 4.3.1.4). These fungi are found in practically all soilsand pose a large threat to plant propagation. Practically all species of plants can be effected.

Disease cycle

The disease cycle of damping-off is the same as discussed for root rot (Section 4.3.1.4).

Disease symptoms

Damping-off often is seen in round patches in seeding flats.

Pre-emergence damping-off is a term used to describe the rot of seeds, or the death of the seedlings before they emerge from the soil.

Post-emergence damping-off effects seedlings that have already emerged from the soil (Mercure, Internet publication). These emerged seedlings may develop a dark stem rot near the soil surface, which will cause them to fall over and die as the rotted area shrivels (Figure 4.12).

Seedlings may also rot from the tips of the roots. This rot will progress up the seedling until the stem is rotted.

Seedlings which are slightly older before they are infected may develop "wire-stem", a condition in which the base of the stem is partially invaded by the fungus and exhibits a discoloured and slightly shrivelled or constricted area at or just below the soil line. Infected plants are stunted and pale, and will often eventually die. Brown or white fungal growth may be seen on the surface of the potting media or on the seedlings themselves.

http://www.recycledorganics.com/publications/reports/disease...

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Note added at 1 day12 hrs (2013-11-09 00:18:46 GMT)
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Overigens wel goed gevonden die "afdraaiers".
Sommige referenties lijken in de richting van de "wire-stemmers" te gaan, anderen houden het toch meer bij de "omvallers".

Barend van Zadelhoff
Netherlands
Native speaker of: Native in DutchDutch
PRO pts in category: 24
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