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hard water

Farsi (Persian) translation: آب سخت


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English term or phrase:hard water
Farsi (Persian) translation:آب سخت
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12:36 Feb 4, 2009
English to Farsi (Persian) translations [PRO]
Science - Chemistry; Chem Sci/Eng
Additional field(s): Environment & Ecology
English term or phrase: hard water
Definition from antoine.frostburg.edu:
Hard water is water contaminated with compounds of calcium and magnesium. Dissolved iron, manganese, and strontium compounds can also contribute to the "total hardness" of the water, which is usually expressed as ppm CaCO3. Water with a hardness over 80 ppm CaCO3 is often treated with water softeners, since hard water produces scale in hot water pipes and boilers and lowers the effectiveness of detergents.

Example sentence(s):
  • Some laundry detergents do not produce as many suds in hard water, these are likely to be soap-based products and do not work as well in hard-water as detergent based products. water-treatment.org.uk
  • Hard water also contributes to inefficient and costly operation of water-using appliances. Heated hard water forms a scale of calcium and magnesium minerals that can contribute to the inefficient operation or failure of water-using appliances. Wilkes University
  • Clothes washed in hard water often look dingy and feel harsh and scratchy. sciLinks
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آب سخت
آب سخت ، سخت آبی است که در آن هیدروکربنات کلسیم و منیزیم و گچ موجود باشد.
Selected response from:

Rahi Moosavi
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4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer


Summary of translations provided
5 +2آب سخت
Rahi Moosavi


Translations offered

15 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +2
آب سخت

Definition from National geoscience database of Iran:
آب سخت ، سخت آبی است که در آن هیدروکربنات کلسیم و منیزیم و گچ موجود باشد.

Example sentence(s):
Rahi Moosavi
Local time: 17:01
Native speaker of: Native in Farsi (Persian)Farsi (Persian), Native in Persian (Farsi)Persian (Farsi)
PRO pts in category: 4

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  Mohammad Reza Razaghi
18 mins
  -> Thank you sir!

Yes  Hossein Emami
61 days
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