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13:57 Jan 29, 2004
This question was closed without grading. Reason: No acceptable answer
English to French translations [PRO] Law/Patents
English term or phrase:jurisdiction over the parties
This court has jurisdiction over the subject matter and the parties.
This is the same thing as personal jurisdiction. I know that a precious question was asked on proz about personal jurisdiction and the answer chosen was "compétence particuliére". Someone else suggested "compétence spécifique". The idea was that certain courts have jurisdiction (the power to decide) cases in cerain areas, e.g., tax laws, divorce. But this has to do with subject matter jurisdiction and not personal jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction is the power of the court over the person of a defendatn. In the US, a court does not have jurisdiction over everyone. For example, if a person from California goes to NY and is invloved in a traffic accident he couldn't necessarily go all the way back to California and sue the peronsal who allegedly caused the accident. He might have to sue in NY b/c the California court might not be considered to have the power (jurisdiction) to judge the case because CA is too far away from NY. This idea
might not even exist under French law as France is about the size of teh state of Texas.