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12:55 Mar 25, 2014
English to French translations [PRO] Medical - Medical (general)
English term or phrase:quintessential disease
Hi everyone, how would translate this sentence:
Cancer is the quintessential disease of the genes.
thank you for your help.
the full context is Cancer is the quintessential disease of the genes because all tumors begin their career with changes to the DNA of one of about 50 trillion cells of the human body.
is here used exactly in its original meaning the "fifth distillate" i.e. "the core of the core" of a concept.
The most essential function of genes (the core function, THE most central characteristic of "being a gene") is to transmit "cell building instructions" to the next generation of cells. And cancer happens when this "mostest core function" (as the Duchess of Pork would have it) of genes is not working properly, thus cancer is the 'quintessential' disease (malfunction) of genes.
Sorry that it's not yet available all pre-packaged on Google.
It is questionable whether 'quintessential' was really the best choice of term in the source text, since to me at least its intended meaning is far from clear.
Common translation such as 'par excellence' or 'parfait' ring strangely oddly when describing a disease like cancer, and one might ask quite what the original writer had in mind?
My initial reading was that they meant "...is a classic example of a disease of the genes..." — 'exemple type', perhaps?
But I can see there might be other nuances that could come into play here, each of which might require different treament in translation.
I wonder if you can glean any additional clues from the rest of your document?
Automatic update in 00:
22 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +3
essentiellement une maladie
Explanation: Je dirais : "Le cancer est essentiellement une maladie des gènes"
Merline Local time: 07:19 Native speaker of: French PRO pts in category: 50