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10:50 Nov 12, 2000
English to French translations [Non-PRO]
English term or phrase: risingly
I need to find the adverbs corresponding to the following verbs: rise, improve, craft in english (or at least if the -LY form is the correct one). If this is not the right site for my question, I would be grateful if you could indicate a more appropriate one. Thank You.
Sorina Casian-Botez
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Summary of answers provided
na(risingly)Louise Atfield
narisingly, improvingly, craftilyKika
namontant; qui monte
Yolanda Broad


  

Answers


8 hrs
montant; qui monte


Explanation:
Hello Sorina,

I think you've come to the right place, but don't think you've asked the right question. That is to say, adverbs are not derived from verbs, but, rather, are **added** semantic and grammatical information to make the meaning of the verb clearer, or to add meaning to an adjective. Usually, they are formed by adding -ly to an *adjective*. A little bit of explanation of what adverbs and adjectives *do* in a sentence.

To improve has a *corresponding* adjective form: "improving." And one can form an adverb from the adjective: "improvingly". Here is an example I just fished off the Web (in a Google search); note that the adverb is modifying other adjectives, not a verb!

Managed Care - 8/16/96 Morning Session - Part 2
... other MBHOs in eastern and central Missouri to develop, we hope, an improvingly responsive and comprehensive service delivery system to meet the needs of the ...
www.senate.state.mo.us/mancare/8-16am2.htm

1. They add more meaning, as you can tell by looking at the words "adverb" and "adjective". As a matter of fact, the role of an adverb is contained in its very name: it adds meaning to verbs. [Adjective is a little less obvious: ad+jective (from the Latin verb meaning: to throw, lay, used here to meaning, thrown or attached to): something added or attached]

2. They are descriptive of an action (=verb) or someone/something (=noun).

3. There are many more adjectives than adverbs; and more adverbs are used to add descriptive meaning to other adjectives, than to do the same for verbs.

This said, there is an *adjective* "rising". When "rising, " exceptionally, is used to add meaning to another adjective, it is, technically, an adverb; however, it doesn't change form (does not add -ly), and really is forming a "compound" adjective. A couple of examples from the Shorter OED: rising five (= a child approaching the age of five); rising damp (= moisture absorbed from the ground into a wall). Rising damp, of course, is really a noun phrase...




    Shorter Oxford English Dictionary; Temrium
    Google search machine
Yolanda Broad
United States
Local time: 06:43
Native speaker of: English
PRO pts in pair: 720
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16 hrs
risingly, improvingly, craftily


Explanation:
RISE: risingly (de plus en plus, toujours plus, toujours davantage)

IMPROVE: improvingly (de mieux en mieux)

CRAFT: (art; adresse, habileté) as far as I know, it is a noun, not a verb, and there is no corresponding adverb, but there is the adjective

CRAFTY: craftily (adroitment, habilement).

Kika

Kika
Local time: 12:43
PRO pts in pair: 44
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1 day 28 mins
(risingly)


Explanation:
Hi Sorina,

I understand that you want to know how to build an adverb in English from other English words. I don't think that this is quite the right site for this kind of question, since it doesn't involve a translation from English to French. This being said, I am happy that Yolanda answered your question so well (And Yolanda, I must say I am most surprised you did, since you once told someone else that this was not a site for grammar questions ;-) )

I have another site to suggest which might be a great help to you in the future. It is an English grammar clinic, where keen amateurs as well as professionals answer grammar questions on the Net. Here is the address:

http://www.edunet.com/learning/index.cfm

I have asked questions from them in the past (although it has been a while) and found it very good at the time. I hope you will find it as useful as I have.

Cheers!
Louise

Louise Atfield
PRO pts in pair: 577
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