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|English to French translations [PRO]|
|English term or phrase: top-down way|
|created in top-down way by governments not because of public opinion|
|De haut en bas|
"Top-down" is a very common expression in political contexts. It means that the decisions are taken from those in power and imposed on those at lower levels of authority, government, etc. It is a widely-used term in the environmental field in which I'm working. The opposite is "bottom-up". Environmentalists often talk about "bottom-up and top-down approaches". By top-down approaches they mean that decisions must be taken according to the needs of the man on the street, by the people, that they must not be imposed on them by those in power. That's part of the so-called Local Agenda 21 process. I would translate it "de haut en bas" in French.
Hope this helps.
Selected response from:
Local time: 20:07
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer
8 mins peer agreement (net): +1
descendante ; de haut en bas
Les deux semblent marcher. Un partage des points serait bien! Des points pour Julia - juste & rapide ; et à Daphne pour son explication.
One entry found for top-down.
Main Entry: top-down
Etymology: from the phrase from the top down
1 : controlled, directed, or instituted from the top level <a top-down corporate structure>
2 : proceeding by breaking large general aspects (as of a problem) into smaller more detailed constituents : working from the general to the specific <top-down programming> <top-down design>
Essentiellement du domaine de l’informatique et de la gestion. Je propose « descendant ».
Encore de l’informatique et de la gestion, mais « de haut en bas » y est aussi.
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