Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.
You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs (or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.
14:57 Nov 6, 2003
English to German translations [Non-PRO] History / history
English term or phrase:in-bye land
Vaccaries utilised the special topography of their locations. They tended to be isolated and tucked away in steep–sided valleys that would ensure a good water supply and shelter from the worst weather. A moor wall separated the unenclosed common grazing of the fell–tops from the rest of the vaccary, and within this wall were droveways (driftways or stock funnels) that could be used to bring the cattle down from the upland pasture. These distinctive features sometimes survive within the pattern of the moor wall. All the Bowland vaccaries were located close to extensive areas of upland moor grazing that provided good pasture, especially in summer when the enclosed pasture on the fell-side (the ‘in-bye’) was being used to grow crops. Thus vaccaries used a small-scale localised form of transhumance or rotation, moving cattle in winter back down the hillside to take advantage of the ‘aftermath’ (the new grass growing after the crop harvest) and in turn to enrich the soil with their manure to benefit the next year's crops.