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English to Greek translations [PRO] Medical - Medical: Cardiology
English term or phrase:S3
May be acute or chronic.
Usually decrescendo diastolic murmur with or without a systolic ejection murmur heard at aortic area and along left sternal border.
Pitch may vary depending on chronicity.
Causes include aortic root dilation [Marfan's or HTN], aortic aneurysm, dissection, syphilis, inflammation of root [Ankylosing Spondylitis], rheumatic valve disease, valvular calcification, endocarditis, trauma.
Chronic and severe cases associated with wide pulse pressure, rapid and forceful carotid upstrokes with dramatic collapse (Corrigan’s pulse), Head bobbing with each systole (Demusset’s sign), prominent pulsation of skin capillaries (Quinke’s pulse), Hill’s sign (higher popliteal than brachial artery pressure), Duroziez murmur (to and fro murmur heard over the femoral artery).
***S3 or S4*** may be present.