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Reference information: Domain Definition
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases. (references)
An alternative characterisation of the parameter'p'for a binomial process is the ratio of the incidences of the two alternatives:p/(1-p); this quantity is termed the odds ratio; the value may range from zero to infinity. This relates to a possible view of a binomial process as the combined activity of two Poisson processes with a limit upon total count for the two processes combined. Source: European Union. (references)