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segenap dewan pertimbangan (penasehat) di persemakmuran
Explanation: When James Stuart, king the Scots, took over England and Ireland, he also became a very abusive tyrant. After his death, his son Charles was beheaded by Oliver Cromwell after a civil war. To make sure that no tyrant will ever rule again, new laws was created for the new commonwealth (persemakmuran) of England, Scotland and Ireland, that every ruler, from the king to the sheriffs must consult with a council of the people being ruled. Please note that the councils does NOT include the parliament (MPR/DPR/DPRD) which was, at the time, being regarded as so muddled in politics that they didn't care about the people.
Nowadays, the Commonwealth Of Nations has SEVERAL councils whose oppinion MUST be taken seriously by kings and presidents. These are the Councils of the Commonwealth.
Note that when a member nation is taken over by a military "regime" (coup d'etat}, that nation is "excluded" from the councils of the commonwealth until democracy is restored.
donnyboy Indonesia Local time: 00:30 PRO pts in pair: 1