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hard water

Latvian translation: Ciets ūdens

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English term or phrase:hard water
Latvian translation:Ciets ūdens
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11:54 Feb 24, 2009
English to Latvian translations [PRO]
Science - Chemistry; Chem Sci/Eng
Additional field(s): Environment & Ecology
English term or phrase: hard water
Definition from antoine.frostburg.edu:
Hard water is water contaminated with compounds of calcium and magnesium. Dissolved iron, manganese, and strontium compounds can also contribute to the "total hardness" of the water, which is usually expressed as ppm CaCO3. Water with a hardness over 80 ppm CaCO3 is often treated with water softeners, since hard water produces scale in hot water pipes and boilers and lowers the effectiveness of detergents.

Example sentence(s):
  • Some laundry detergents do not produce as many suds in hard water, these are likely to be soap-based products and do not work as well in hard-water as detergent based products. water-treatment.org.uk
  • Hard water also contributes to inefficient and costly operation of water-using appliances. Heated hard water forms a scale of calcium and magnesium minerals that can contribute to the inefficient operation or failure of water-using appliances. Wilkes University
  • Clothes washed in hard water often look dingy and feel harsh and scratchy. sciLinks
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Ciets ūdens
Ciets ūdens ir ūdens, kas satur šķīstošus kalcija, magnija un dzelzs sāļus.
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Summary of translations provided
5 +2Ciets ūdens


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13 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +2
Ciets ūdens

Definition from own experience or research:
Ciets ūdens ir ūdens, kas satur šķīstošus kalcija, magnija un dzelzs sāļus.

Example sentence(s):
  • Ciets ūdens rodas, lietus ūdenim sūcoties caur zemes slāņiem, jo tad tajā sāk šķīst daži minerāli. - Skolēniem domāta vietne  
United Kingdom
Local time: 15:01
Native speaker of: Native in LatvianLatvian, Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in category: 15

Votes in favor of/against selecting this as the best translation of the term asked
Yes  Kogusuri
7 hrs

Yes  Vents Villers
8 days
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