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English to Malay translations [Non-PRO] Sports / Fitness / Recreation
English term or phrase:White wines
Winemaking can be divided into four phases:
1. Harvesting fruit and ensuring it is in optimum condition.
2. Fermenting the grapes into wine.
3. Clarification and stabilising the wine.
Making white wine:
1. After harvest grapes are removed from the bunch stem and gently pushed through rollers to split the berries and release the juice.
2. After the grapes have been through the crusher/destemmer, the must - a combination of juice, skins and seeds - is pumped to the press to separate the juice from the skins.
3. The juice is extracted at the press and cooled while the skins, stems and seeds are discarded.
4. The cold juice is allowed to settle and then clear juice is decanted off the residue before it is fermented. White wine is made by fermenting clarified juice.
5. Winemakers manage the fermentation by controlling parameters such as temperature and the pressing technique. Fermentation takes place in tanks, usually large stainless steel tanks. Cold stabilisation of a wine may also take place here. Tanks are fitted with a cooling jacket through which coolant is pumped to export heat from the ferment. Vats or barrels constructed from oak can also be used to ferment wine. Chardonnay is sometimes barrel fermented for part of the finished blend to add greater dimension and complexity.
6. Winemakers clarify wine by fining, racking and filtration. Wine is stabilized by removing excessive protein and potassium hydrogen tartrate. These materials must be removed to prevent them from precipitating out of the wine later. After this the wine will be stable and the winemaker can be reasonably confident the wine will remain clear and bright after bottling.
7. As the wine ages it develops “bouquet”. Wine acids react with alcohols to produce volatile esters and during bulk storage oxidation slowly changes many wine ingredients. After the wine is bottled, oxygen is no longer available, and a different type of ageing begins to take place.