larceny by bailee

Polish translation: sprzeniewierzenie

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
English term or phrase:larceny by bailee
Polish translation:sprzeniewierzenie
Entered by: Paweł Tomanek
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08:29 Apr 19, 2018
English to Polish translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law (general)
English term or phrase: larceny by bailee
Termin pojawia się we fragmencie książki poświęconym malwersacjom finansowym i paragrafom, z jakich skazuje się malwersantów (w USA):

As a result, people who commited what would conventionally be thought of as embezzlement can end up in jail for commiting crimes called "larceny by bailee", "confidence game", or forgery.
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Paweł Tomanek
Poland
Local time: 15:32
sprzeniewierzenie
Explanation:
Sprzeniewierzenie (typ kwalifikowany). Kwalifikowanym typem przywłaszczenia jest sprzeniewierzenie. Polega ono na przywłaszczeniu sobie rzeczy powierzonej sprawcy, tzn. przekazanej mu z zastrzeżeniem jej zwrotu (np. użyczonej, oddanej na przechowanie lub w zastaw). Jako nadużycie zaufania zasługuje na surowszą ocenę i jest obarczone wyższa sankcją (od 3 do 5 lat pozbawienia wolności). Osobnym typem przestępstwa jest prowadzenie cudzych spraw ze szkodą dla osoby, której sprawami sprawca jest zobowiązany się zajmować. Nie mamy wówczas do czynienia ze sprzeniewierzeniem ale z niegospodarnością (art. 296 KK).

https://pl.wikibooks.org/wiki/Prawo_karne/Przywłaszczenie

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Section 78. Larceny As Bailee
There is another class of cases in which the offender is said to be guilty of larceny as bailee. Thus for illustration, if the owner of a horse entrusts it to another to sell and deliver the proceeds to him, and that person sells the horse and feloniously converts the proceeds to his own use he is guilty of larceny as bailee. The reason is he became bailee of the money he received in exchange for the horse.30

The doctrine of larceny as bailee seems to be that where the owner of the property voluntarily parts with the possession merely but not the title of it, expecting and intending the same thing shall be returned to him, or that it shall be disposed of in some particular way as directed or agreed upon for his benefit, then the property may be feloniously converted by the bailee, so as to relate back and make the taking and conversion a felony if the property was obtained with that intent.31

http://chestofbooks.com/society/law/Popular-Law-10/Section-7...
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Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
United States
Local time: 09:32
Grading comment
3 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
3sprzeniewierzenie
Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
Summary of reference entries provided
larceny by bailee
geopiet
Przywłaszczenie to jakieś może być
Cake

  

Answers


7 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
sprzeniewierzenie


Explanation:
Sprzeniewierzenie (typ kwalifikowany). Kwalifikowanym typem przywłaszczenia jest sprzeniewierzenie. Polega ono na przywłaszczeniu sobie rzeczy powierzonej sprawcy, tzn. przekazanej mu z zastrzeżeniem jej zwrotu (np. użyczonej, oddanej na przechowanie lub w zastaw). Jako nadużycie zaufania zasługuje na surowszą ocenę i jest obarczone wyższa sankcją (od 3 do 5 lat pozbawienia wolności). Osobnym typem przestępstwa jest prowadzenie cudzych spraw ze szkodą dla osoby, której sprawami sprawca jest zobowiązany się zajmować. Nie mamy wówczas do czynienia ze sprzeniewierzeniem ale z niegospodarnością (art. 296 KK).

https://pl.wikibooks.org/wiki/Prawo_karne/Przywłaszczenie

cccc
Section 78. Larceny As Bailee
There is another class of cases in which the offender is said to be guilty of larceny as bailee. Thus for illustration, if the owner of a horse entrusts it to another to sell and deliver the proceeds to him, and that person sells the horse and feloniously converts the proceeds to his own use he is guilty of larceny as bailee. The reason is he became bailee of the money he received in exchange for the horse.30

The doctrine of larceny as bailee seems to be that where the owner of the property voluntarily parts with the possession merely but not the title of it, expecting and intending the same thing shall be returned to him, or that it shall be disposed of in some particular way as directed or agreed upon for his benefit, then the property may be feloniously converted by the bailee, so as to relate back and make the taking and conversion a felony if the property was obtained with that intent.31

http://chestofbooks.com/society/law/Popular-Law-10/Section-7...

Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
United States
Local time: 09:32
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in PolishPolish
PRO pts in category: 1238
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Reference comments


52 mins peer agreement (net): +1
Reference: larceny by bailee

Reference information:
Extension of doctrine: The “breaking bulk” doctrine has been extended to cover the situation where the carrier or other bailee (e.g., a warehouseman) is given a quantity of un-packaged goods, and appropriates some (but not all) of them. See L, p. 799. Some American states continue to apply the “breaking bulk” doctrine, so that there is larceny if bulk is broken, and embezzlement if it is not. In other states, a separate offense called “larceny by bailee” exists, covering all taking by bailees regardless of whether bulk is broken - https://goo.gl/xu28tL

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Breaking-Bulk Doctrine Law and Legal Definition

Breaking-Bulk Doctrine refers to a rule followed in old English law whereby it was held that if a bailee who had lawful possession of property delivered in bulk, breaks it open and misappropriates the contents, it constitutes a crime of larceny. If the bailee wrongfully took the property without opening the container, the act was theft but not larceny. - https://definitions.uslegal.com/b/breaking-bulk-doctrine/

geopiet
Native speaker of: Native in PolishPolish
PRO pts in category: 532

Peer comments on this reference comment (and responses from the reference poster)
agree  Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
15 mins
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2 hrs peer agreement (net): +1
Reference: Przywłaszczenie to jakieś może być

Reference information:
Za Websterem:

Larceny
The unlawful taking of personal property with intent to deprive the rightful owner of it permanently

A bailee is a person who has been entrusted with custody of a piece of property. A bailee does not have ownership of the property.


    https://www.specprawnik.pl/poradnik-prawny/przywaszczenie-mienia/
    https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defraudacja
Cake
Native speaker of: Native in PolishPolish
PRO pts in category: 15

Peer comments on this reference comment (and responses from the reference poster)
agree  Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
4 hrs
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