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17:48 Nov 27, 2013
This question was closed without grading. Reason: Other
English to Polish translations [PRO] Medical - Medical (general) / clinical trials
English term or phrase:trace cell
jako kryterium wyłączenia (badanie w starczym zwyrodnieniu plamki żółtej) - Presence of intraocular inflammation (≥ trace cell or flare)
What does the ophthalmologist see?
When you visit your ophthalmologist, one of the key things he wants to know is the severity of the iritis. Talk of "cells", "flare", "KP's", and "synechiae" are simply ways of describing the level of inflammation. Here's a quick jargon-buster:
It is possible with the slit-lamp to see individual white blood cells in the anterior chamber of the eye. The anterior chamber ("AC") is the part of the eye between the cornea at the front and the iris. In iritis, as in most other kinds of inflammation, white blood cells rush to the scene. Some end up in a kind of limbo in the anterior chamber (they don't do very much when they are floating around there).
You may see or hear the notation "cells +" or "cells ++" or "cells +++". This shorthand for how dense the cells are. "Cells +" refers to more than five but less than fifteen cells in a 3 x 1 mm slit lamp beam and the more plus signs, the more cells the ophthalmologist can see. ****Generally speaking, the fewer cells the better; when there are few or no cells, the eye may be described as "quiet"***.
The anterior chamber is normally clear as crystal -- it has to be, in order to let light into the eye undistorted. In iritis, however, stray protein molecules leak from the bloodstream into the anterior chamber, fogging it up. This is "flare".
Again, flare can only be seen on a slit lamp, on the same settings as the ophthalmologist looks for cells. Instead of individual cells, when light cuts through flare it looks a bit like shining a torch (flashlight) on a misty night -- the flare scatters the light, making the normally invisible beam visible.
When there is a lot of protein in the anterior chamber, it may coalesce into "fibrin".
-------------------------------------------------- Note added at 2 hrs (2013-11-27 19:50:21 GMT) --------------------------------------------------
anterior chamber of the eye :: MEGAsłownik :: internetowy słownik ...
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anterior chamber of the eye - komora przednia oka. ... rzeczownik komora przednia oka (kat.: anatomia). Więcej znaczeń z szukanym słowem po prawe
Hope this helps you find the Polish.
liz askew United Kingdom Specializes in field Native speaker of: English PRO pts in category: 48
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Asker: Thank you very much, I have just found the answer - it has been already provided in another entry here on proz!